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Related to Callimachus: Apollonius of Rhodes, Theocritus
BirthplaceCyrene, Ancient Libya
poet, critic and scholar


(kəlĭm`əkəs), fl. 2d half of 5th cent. B.C., Greek sculptor from Athens. He was famous as the maker of the gold lamp in the Erechtheum and a seated image of Hera for a temple at Plataea. There are several Roman copies of his works; one is Pan and the Three Graces (Capitoline Mus., Rome). He reputedly originated the Corinthian capital and invented the running drill used for simulating the folds of drapery in marble.


fl. c.280–45 B.C., Hellenistic Greek poet and critic, b. Cyrene. Educated at Athens, he taught before obtaining work in the Alexandrian library. There he drew up a catalog, with such copious notes that it constituted a full literary history. He also wrote criticism and other works in prose, but is most notable as a poet. It is said that he wrote more than 800 different pieces. Of these, six hymns (meant for reading, with no religious use), a number of epigrams, and fragments of other poems survive. His greatest work was the Aetia, a collection of legends. Other longer poems of which fragments survive are The Lock of Berenice, Hecale, and Iambi. Callimachus' poetry is notable for brevity, polish, wit, learning, and inventiveness in form. He engaged in a famous literary quarrel with Apollonius of Rhodes over whether well-crafted short poems were superior to long poems. His works had a considerable influence on later Greek and Roman poets, especially Catullus.



Born 310 B.C., in Cyrene, North Africa; died 240 B.C., in Alexandria. Poet of the Alexandrian school.

Callimachus was the creator of the genre of the short poem. His narrative poem Hecale is an epyllion, a small-scale epic. His four books of narrative elegies are called Causes. He also wrote the poetry collection Iambs and the first catalogue of Greek writers, Tables. Sixty-four of his epigrams are extant. Callimachus greatly influenced subsequent Greek and Roman poetry.


In Russian translation:
Izbrannye gimny i epigrammy. Translated by V. Alekseev. St. Petersburg, 1899.
Grecheskaia epigramma. Edited by F. A. Petrovskii. Moscow, 1960.


Istoriia grecheskoi literatury, vol. 3. Edited by S. I. Sobolevskii [et al.]. Moscow, 1960.
Cahen, E. Callimaque et son Œuvre poétique. Paris, 1929.


1. late 5th century bc, Greek sculptor, reputed to have invented the Corinthian capital
2. ?305--?240 bc, Greek poet of the Alexandrian School; author of hymns and epigrams
References in periodicals archive ?
Elsewhere in Callimachus, however, such repetitions are often a form of studied naivety, an
Her contribution is valuable not just for demonstrating how Martial alludes to poets such as Callimachus, Lucillius, Antipater, Parmenion and Xenophanes, but especially for showing how he does so creatively both as a way of defining his own role in the epigrammatic tradition and as a way of commenting upon contemporary Rome.
The Greek genius declined from Sophocles to Apollonius Rhodius and Callimachus, but Apollonius and Callimachus were fine craftsmen who still give pleasure to educated readers.
The plays are Gallicanus parts one and two, Dulcitius, Callimachus, Abraham, Paphnutius, and Sapientia.
The other major work presented here is Marullus's Hymns to Nature, which belongs to a genre of theogonic poetry that begins with Hesiod and the Homeric Hymns and extends through Cleanthes, Callimachus, and Proclus.
The movement was marked by a return to the elegance and style of Hellenistic poetry, in particular to the poet Callimachus.
It is said that the area now covered by the Antoniadis Gardens was once a residential area where Callimachus, the head librarian of the Alexandria Library used to live.
The Works OfHesiod, Callimachus And Theognis, London, UK: Kessinger Publishing, LLC, 2007, 457.
D'Elia cannot conclude that there was a plot, let alone that Platina, Callimachus, Pomponio Leto, and the other humanists were part of it.
Demetrius, Neleus, Zenodotus of Ephesus, Apollonius, and Callimachus all organized and classified their materials, annotated them, and pursued their own collection development plans.
rather macabre incident recorded by Callimachus in his Aitia (Fr.
Athenian poet Callimachus, head librarian at Alexandria, Egypt, creates the first information index, essentially a card catalog.