Jacques Callot

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Callot, Jacques

 

Born in 1592 or 1593, in Nancy; died there Mar. 24, 1635. French engraver and graphic artist.

Beginning in 1608, Callot studied in Rome. In 1611 he began working in Florence, where he became a masterful etcher. In 1622 he returned to France. Callot’s etchings include large panoramic compositions (The Siege of Breda, 1627) and groups of small engravings (Capricci, 1617, 1623). In his work Callot reproduced reality with multiple images. He portrayed various, often bizarre, human types (the series The Beggars, 1622) and dramatically depicted contemporary events (the two series The Disasters of War, 1632-33). Callot also treated religious subjects (The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian, 1632-33), mythological subjects (primarily in his early work), and theatrical themes (the series Balli, 1622). He also is well known for his landscapes. Each of his plates (with sharp spatial jumps from the foreground to the background) depicts several episodes and crowds of active figures.

In Callot’s work the realism of keenly observed and sharply delineated details combines with grotesque expressiveness, which includes fantastic elements, to form a whole. Callot used the technique of graduated biting, which gave him particular precision of drawing, flexibility and clearness of line, richness of shadows in the foreground, and subtlety and softness of tonal transitions.

REFERENCES

Glikman, A. S. Zhak Kallo. Leningrad-Moscow, 1959.
Lieure, J. Jacques Callot, 5 vols. Paris, 1924-29.
Bechtel, E. de T. Jacques Callot. New York, 1955.

IU. K. ZOLOTOV

References in periodicals archive ?
44) Una copia del grabado de Jacques Callot, en la Biblioteca Nacional de Espana [en adelante BNE], Invent.
56) Jean-Claude PETRY, Callot et La Tour, Jean Le Clerc cet inconnu, en Dessin de Vart, 8 (1992), L'Ecole de Lorraine au XVII siecle, pp.
Un dato llama la atencion; se trata de la serie de Jacques Callot Les miseres et malheurs de la guerre (1633), que muestra la impronta de una tematica y la conciencia antibelica como una realidad ineludible en la historia universal de la infamia parafraseando a Borges (33).
Thus our third example is a room dedicated to violent death in the form of three of the greatest anti-war polemics in print: Goya's The Disasters of War (1810-20), Otto Dix's The War (1924), and the less well-known series by Jacques Callot, The Miseries and Misfortunes of War (1683).
Jacques Callot foi o gravurista frances que, alem de batalhas e paisagens, gravou cenas truculentas e perturbadoras da guerra e do submundo.
Elle est pratiquee par de nombreux peintres, italiens comme Michelangelo Cerquozzi (1602-1660), francais comme Jacques Callot (1592-1635) ou Sebastien Bourdon (1616-1671), neerlandais comme Jan Miel (1599-1663) ou Adriaen Van Ostade (1610-1685).
BUT AS PERHAPS the most intriguing proponent of the changed view Rabb picks Jacques Callot, the baroque printmaker and draftsman from the independent Duchy of Lorraine, which was invaded by Louis XIII's troops during the Thirty Years War.
There is ample of evidence of Ca-carbonate precipitation occurring in root biopores, and in the rhizosphere (Jaillard 1982; Callot et al.
Birk's reference to Callot is thus particularly apt, for the Thirty Years' War is, from Voltaire to Brecht, the Enlightenment's archetype of barbarity.
The Adventures of Simplicius Simplicissimus by Grimmelshausen and Les horreurs de la guerre, the well-known series of engravings by Jacques Callot, have left unforgettable artistic testimonies of this "European tragedy" that claimed eight million dead--in a conservative estimate--and whose settlement in 1648 was at the origin of a modem European states-system that excluded religious war between Christian nations as a matter of principle.
Callot denuncio como los suplicios de los ahorcados se convertian en espectaculos publicos.
Dissection of callot triangle was easier after this maneuver.