Calmatives


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Calmatives

 

a group of drugs with various chemical compositions that exert a calming effect on the central nervous system. Calmatives include sedatives proper, which consist mostly of bromine preparations (sodium or potassium bromide) and preparations of plant origin, for example, tinctures and extracts of heliotrope, motherwort, and passionflower. Synthetic and natural calmatives are often combined, for example, in Bekhterev’s mixture.

Calmatives intensify inhibition and reduce excitability. They are used to treat irritability, insomnia, neuroses, hypertension, and other conditions. Some of the psychotropic agents introduced in the second half of the 20th century were found to have a calmative effect as well (seeTRANQUILIZERS and NEUROLEPTICS). Soporifics taken in small doses and some cardiac agents, for example, Adonis preparations, also have a calmative effect.

References in periodicals archive ?
Consider, for example, five possible nonlethal means to disable a financial institution, telecommunications facility, or media outlet that provides war sustaining aid: calmative agents; arrest and deportation; electromagnetic technologies; kinetic force; and cyber warfare.
For reasons discussed earlier, some chemical agents, such as calmatives, fall within the pharmaceutical realm of nonlethal chemicals, therefore requiring operators with specialized training to apply these agents correctly.
Kenny, The Advantages and Limitations of Calmatives for Use as a Non-Lethal Technique (College of Medicine, Applied Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State College, 3 Oct.
Their intent of using a calmative agent inside the Dubrovka theater was to incapacitate and then kill the Chechen terrorists, verified by the amount of fentanyl agent used in the raid.
Research on calmatives was discontinued for several years in the early 1990s because of fears that the weapons violated existing international law.
One Pentagon document, produced after a JNLWD-led joint US and British seminar on calmatives in urban warfare, called on the United States to "continue current efforts to develop and execute a public information campaign plan.
The first argument involves reclassifying calmatives as a riot-control agent.
military or law enforcement OOTW's use of calmatives violates cognitive liberty and threatens mental sovereignty.
The Advantages and Limitations of Calmatives for Use As a Non-Lethal Technique examines the viability of using various psychopharmaceutical agents in a number of military and civilian contexts.
This idea, as preposterous as it might sound, is suggested in this government-funded calmatives report.
For other calmatives, such as carfentanil, the index is 10,600, making these superior nonlethal chemical agents.
Critics charge that the episode points to the lethality of calmatives and the inability to control dosages and effects in a relatively confined space (not to mention on the open field).