Calosoma


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Calosoma: Calosoma scrutator

Calosoma

 

a genus of beetles of the family Carabidae (ground beetles). The body is large, measuring 15–35 mm. In some species the inferior wings are well developed; in others, mainly mountain species, they are absent. There are approximately 200 species, 30 of which are found in the USSR. Some species climb trees and are beneficial to the timber industry because they destroy harmful caterpillars. The species Calosoma sycophanta is found in the deciduous forests of southern Europe and on the mountains of Middle Asia and the Altai; it has been introduced to North America (USA). C. inquisitor is found in Europe, except the north, and principally destroys geometrid caterpillars. C. denticolle inhabits the steppe zone of Europe and Asia (Kazakhstan, Siberia, and the Mongolian People’s Republic) and destroys the caterpillars of various insects, including the species Apamea sordens and the beet webworm.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Predacao de pupas de Alabama argillacea (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) por larvas e adultos de Calosoma granulatum Perty (Coleoptera: Carabidae) em Laboratorio.
The genus Calosoma in Central America, the Antilles, and South America (Coleoptera: Carabidae).
Phenological periods Species FHP Vegetative Type of food content (%) AIP CRA AM VMTCS Abaris Fagopyrum -- -- -- -- basistriatus esculentum Lobularia -- -- -- -- maritima Tagetes erecta -- -- -- -- Weed plants -- -- -- -- Calosoma Fagopyrum -- -- 100.
Calosoma acts as if it has mighty grudge against gypsy moths.
Far better known than Calosoma beetles are lady beetles, the most famous biological controls among farmers and home gardeners in the United States.
PHOTO : Research entomologists Roger Fuester (left) and Paul Schaefer collect Calosoma beetles and mark them to identify their sex.
231 38 26 26 Calosoma cancellatum Eschscholtz 0 0 3 3 Calathus ruficollis Casey 3 < 1 4 4 Calathus ingrates Dejean 29 5 6 6 Pterostichus adstrictus Eschscholtz 150 25 20 20 Total Carabids 610 100 99 100 ANOVA (F = 3.
The importance of prey for fecundity and behavior in the gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) predator Calosoma sycophanta (Coleoptera: Carabidae).
Predation by Calosoma syco-phanta: evidence for a large impact on gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, pupae.
Experimental forest release of Calosoma sycophanta (Coleoptera: Carabidae) against the gypsy moth.
The organization (with numbers of species in parentheses for each genus, and names of families and tribes in bold font) is: Trachypachidae: Systolosomatini: Systolosoma (2), Trachypachini: Trachypachus (3); Carabidae: Pelophilini: Pelophila (2), Nebriini: Leistus (4), Nebria (53), Nipponebria (2), Notiokasiini: Notiokasis (1), Opisthiini: Opisthius (1), Notiophilini: Notiophilus (18), Cicindini: Cicindis (1), Omophronini: Omophron (17), Loricerini: Loricera (5), Carabini: Callisthenes (24), Calopachys (4), Calosoma (55), Carabus (17), Ceroglossus (8), Cychrini: Cychrus (2), Scaphinotus (55), Sphaeroderus (5): Collyridini, Ctenosoma (109), for a total of 388 species.