Calvert, Charles, 3d Baron Baltimore

Calvert, Charles, 3d Baron Baltimore,

1637–1715, second proprietor of Maryland. He was sent over as deputy governor of that province in 1661 by his father, Cecilius CalvertCalvert, Cecilius, 2d Baron Baltimore
, c.1605–75, first proprietor of the colony of Maryland. He received the province in 1632 as a grant from the king, in place of his father, George Calvert, who died as the
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, 2d Baron Baltimore, and at his father's death in 1675 succeeded to the proprietorship. A Roman Catholic faced by an overwhelming Protestant population, he ruled arbitrarily, restricting the suffrage, and filling the offices with his partisans. He became involved in a bitter dispute with William PennPenn, William,
1644–1718, English Quaker, founder of Pennsylvania, b. London, England; son of Sir William Penn. Early Life

He was expelled (1662) from Oxford for his religious nonconformity and was then sent by his father to the Continent to overcome his
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 over the northern boundary of his grant and in 1684 went to England to defend himself in this dispute and to answer charges of favoring Catholics and obstructing customs collection. He never returned. His charter was overthrown by a Protestant revolt in 1689, and in 1692 a royal government was established.

Bibliography

See C. C. Hall, The Lords Baltimore and the Maryland Palatinate (1902).

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