Calvinistic Methodist Church

Calvinistic Methodist Church

Calvinistic Methodist Church, Protestant Christian denomination, closely allied to Presbyterianism. It originated in Wales (1735–36) with the evangelistic preaching of Howell Harris, Daniel Rowlands, and others. In Wales it is considered to be the only denomination distinctly Welsh in origin, and it has developed into the most important of the Welsh nonconformist churches. The Methodist societies that evolved under the Welsh revivalists were so organized as to prevent any break with the Established (i.e., Anglican) Church. They were for a time associated with the Methodists of England; for some six years, from c.1742, George Whitefield was the leader of the Welsh Calvinists. Those in England who accepted his views, as opposed to the Arminian doctrines taught by John Wesley, either remained within the Church of England, joined the Connexion of the countess of Huntingdon, or in time became affiliated with the Congregationalists or Independents. The Welsh Calvinistic Methodists, however, held their own vigorously and grew in numbers. Thomas Charles of Bala, who joined them in 1784, was a leader of wide influence in religious and educational work. In 1811 they separated from the Established Church and set up a new church, Presbyterian in polity. In 1823 a confession of faith was adopted. Later, theological schools were founded at Bala and at Trevecca. The church was formally guaranteed autonomy in 1933. The Calvinistic Methodist Church was introduced (c.1826) into the United States by Welsh settlers in central New York state. In 1920 it united with the Presbyterian Church in the United States.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rev John Williams, the Anglesey-born Calvinistic Methodist minister described as "the greatest master of Welsh 'classical' pulpit oratory", was given the casket upon his retirement as pastor of Princes Road Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church in Toxteth in 1906.
An inscription on the casket reads: "Presented to the Rev John Williams of The Princes Road Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church, Liverpool, March 31st, 1906".
theliver It is decorated on one side with an enamel plaque depicting the church, now disused, and on the other with an inscription which reads: "Presented to the Rev John Williams of The Prince's Road Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church, Liverpool, March 31st, 1906", while the whole is chased with stylised flowers and foliage.
(12) The Presbyterian and Reformed churches involved were: The Church of Scotland; The United Free Church of Scotland; The Synod of Original Seceders; The Presbyterian Church of England; The Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church; The Presbyterian Church of Ireland; The Presbyterian Church in the United States of America; The United Presbyterian Church of North America; The Reformed (Dutch) Church in America; The Presbyterian Church of Canada; The Reformed Presbytery of India; and The Gopalgunge Evangelistic Mission.
A more relevant selection might have looked at Whitefield's work in Wales, where his disciples organized the Calvinistic Methodist Church (later the Presbyterian Church of Wales).
Welsh educator and minister of the Calvinistic Methodist Church of Wales whose literary and theological essays greatly influenced the development of Welsh culture.
On his return he married Mary Catlett and took a job as Liverpool's surveyor of tides, where he came to know George Whitefield, deacon in the Church of England, evangelistic preacher, and leader of the Calvinistic Methodist Church. Newton became Whitefield's enthusiastic disciple.
The Covenanted Churches in Wales within CYTUN: Churches together in Wales (formerly ENFYS: The Commission of the Covenanted Churches in Wales): Church in Wales [Anglican], Committee of the Covenanted Baptist Churches in Wales, Methodist Church of Great Britain, Presbyterian Church of Wales (or Calvinistic Methodist Church of Wales), United Reformed Church