Cambyses


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Related to Cambyses: royal road, Darius the Great, XERXES

Cambyses

(kămbī`sēz), two kings of the AchaemenidAchaemenids
, dynasty of ancient Persia. They were descended presumably from one Achaemenes, a minor ruler in a mountainous district of SW Iran. His successors, when Elam declined, spread their power westward.
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 dynasty of Persia. Cambyses I was king (c.600 B.C.) of Ansham, ruling as a vassal of Media. According to Herodotus he married the daughter of the Median king AstyagesAstyages
, fl. 6th cent. B.C., king of the Medes (584–c.550 B.C.), son and successor of Cyaxares. His rule was harsh, and he was unpopular. His daughter is alleged to have married the elder Cambyses and was said to be the mother of Cyrus the Great, who rebelled against
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; some scholars dispute this. Cambyses' son was Cyrus the GreatCyrus the Great
, d. 529 B.C., king of Persia, founder of the greatness of the Achaemenids and of the Persian Empire. According to Herodotus, he was the son of an Iranian noble, the elder Cambyses, and a Median princess, daughter of Astyages.
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. Cambyses II, d. 521 B.C., was the son and successor of Cyrus the Great and ruled as king of ancient Persia (529–521 B.C.). He disposed of his brother SmerdisSmerdis
, d. c.528 B.C., second son of Cyrus the Great, king of Persia. He is also called Bardiya. He was assassinated by his brother Cambyses II, who kept the murder a secret.
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 in order to gain unchallenged rule. He invaded Egypt, defeating (525 B.C.) PsamtikPsamtik
, Lat. Psammetichus, d. 609 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the XXVI dynasty. When his father, Necho, lord of Saïs under the Assyrians, was defeated and killed (663 B.C.
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 at Pelusium and sacking Memphis. His further plans of conquest in Africa were frustrated, and at home an impostor claiming to be Smerdis raised a revolt. Cambyses died, possibly by suicide, when he was putting down the insurrection. Darius IDarius I
(Darius the Great) , d. 486 B.C., king of ancient Persia (521–486 B.C.), called also Dariavaush and Darius Hystaspis (after his father, Hystaspes or Vishtaspa).
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 succeeded him.

Cambyses

had a venal judge put to death and the body skinned as covering for his judgment seat. [Gk. Hist.: Herodotus in Magill III, 479]

Cambyses

died ?522 bc, king of Persia (529--522 bc), who conquered Egypt (525); son of Cyrus the Great
References in periodicals archive ?
Cambyses II was his son and pursued his father's dream of regional rule.
The city was not mistreated at all; instead traditional religious festivals were fully restored by Gobryas, a trend continued by Cyrus and his son Cambyses after they later entered the city.
Preston's tragedy is an adaptation of the story of the Persian king Cambyses II, who, as Herodotus recounts in book 3 of his Histories, reigned from 529 to 522 BCE.
(23) Here we might think of Dame Chat and Scapethrift from Gammer Gurton's Needle; of Ambidexter, the Vice, from Cambyses; and of such figures as Master Lust, Inclination, Greedy-Gut, and Trust in The Trial of Treasure.
Indeed 'Cambyses vein' was familiar enough to a playhouse audience to be alluded to in Shakespeare's 1 Henry IV in the late 1590s." (27) As late as 1609 Thomas Dekker cited the play when addressing "How a Gallant should behave him selfe in a Play-house": "on the very Rushes where the Commedy is to daunce, yea and under the state of Cambises himselfe must our fethered Estridge [ostrich] like a peece of Ordnance be planted valiantly." (28) The play's modern editor asks, "Does not this reference suggest that Cambises was sharing the stage with Marlowe, Shakespeare, and Dekker?" (29)
In the ancient world an extraordinary range of individuals were curious to locate the source, such as Alexander the Great and Herodotus from Greece, Cyrus and Cambyses from Persia, Julius Caesar and Nero from Rome.
According to Herodotus, the invasion of Ethiopia by the Persian king Cambyses was exploratory in nature (Hdt.
The Sesostrises, Assurbanipal and the Cambyses were the crowned representatives of the bank and monopolies of the time, as were Dupleix and Clive in India in the last century, and as are, in our century, the powers divvying up Africa" (Reclus, 1905a, page 488).
When King Psammenitus of Egypt is conquered by Cambyses, he weeps not at the murder of his son or the enslavement of his daughters but at the ruin of one of his advisers who "has lost all and become a beggar when he is upon the threshold of old age" (3.14).
King Cambyses a judge issued a warrant for bribery had been killed by skinning [12].
Zerubbabel and Joshua hold commissions under Cyrus's successors Cambyses (530/529-522 B.C.E.) and Darius (522-486 B.C.E.), (cf.