Cambyses


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Related to Cambyses: royal road, Darius the Great, XERXES

Cambyses

(kămbī`sēz), two kings of the AchaemenidAchaemenids
, dynasty of ancient Persia. They were descended presumably from one Achaemenes, a minor ruler in a mountainous district of SW Iran. His successors, when Elam declined, spread their power westward.
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 dynasty of Persia. Cambyses I was king (c.600 B.C.) of Ansham, ruling as a vassal of Media. According to Herodotus he married the daughter of the Median king AstyagesAstyages
, fl. 6th cent. B.C., king of the Medes (584–c.550 B.C.), son and successor of Cyaxares. His rule was harsh, and he was unpopular. His daughter is alleged to have married the elder Cambyses and was said to be the mother of Cyrus the Great, who rebelled against
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; some scholars dispute this. Cambyses' son was Cyrus the GreatCyrus the Great
, d. 529 B.C., king of Persia, founder of the greatness of the Achaemenids and of the Persian Empire. According to Herodotus, he was the son of an Iranian noble, the elder Cambyses, and a Median princess, daughter of Astyages.
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. Cambyses II, d. 521 B.C., was the son and successor of Cyrus the Great and ruled as king of ancient Persia (529–521 B.C.). He disposed of his brother SmerdisSmerdis
, d. c.528 B.C., second son of Cyrus the Great, king of Persia. He is also called Bardiya. He was assassinated by his brother Cambyses II, who kept the murder a secret.
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 in order to gain unchallenged rule. He invaded Egypt, defeating (525 B.C.) PsamtikPsamtik
, Lat. Psammetichus, d. 609 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the XXVI dynasty. When his father, Necho, lord of Saïs under the Assyrians, was defeated and killed (663 B.C.
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 at Pelusium and sacking Memphis. His further plans of conquest in Africa were frustrated, and at home an impostor claiming to be Smerdis raised a revolt. Cambyses died, possibly by suicide, when he was putting down the insurrection. Darius IDarius I
(Darius the Great) , d. 486 B.C., king of ancient Persia (521–486 B.C.), called also Dariavaush and Darius Hystaspis (after his father, Hystaspes or Vishtaspa).
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 succeeded him.

Cambyses

had a venal judge put to death and the body skinned as covering for his judgment seat. [Gk. Hist.: Herodotus in Magill III, 479]

Cambyses

died ?522 bc, king of Persia (529--522 bc), who conquered Egypt (525); son of Cyrus the Great
References in periodicals archive ?
reads the Coptic Cambyses Romance as a response to the re-occupation of Egypt from 618-628 CE by returning to the trauma of the original Persian occupation of over a millennium before.
Hence Cambyses forces Sisamnes's son to sit as judge on a throne covered with his own father's skin (5.
Tilley, 'Shakespeare and His Ridicule of "Cambyses"', Modern Language Notes 24 (1909), 246, and Charles Edelman, 'Preston's Cambyses, King of Persia', The Explicator 65.
The flaying of the corrupt judge was often shown in gruesome detail, as in the Flemish artist Gerard David's The Justice (Judgment) of Cambyses, commissioned for the Town Hall of Bruges in the late fifteenth century (pp.
Cambyses, the son of Cyrus the Great, led a Persian invasion force that dethroned the last pharaoh of the 26th dynasty.
3 of Elkanah Settle's Cambyses (LIF, 1671) we find the direction "Exit Phedima, within the Scenes, to over-hear them" (33); while John Crown's The History of Charles the Eighth of France (Dorset Garden, 1671) supplies several examples including "They go out betwixt the Scenes, as into the Garden" (48).
It appeals to Marduk to protect and help Cyrus and his son Cambyses.
21) Verse written in iambic heptameter, arranged in rhyming couplets, had become known as "fourteeners"; Mid-sixteenth-century and slightly later English plays such as Gammer Gurton's Needle (1550-53) and Thomas Preston's Cambyses (publ.
The following list of plays about relatives of this Median king undermine distinctions of public and private, amateur and professional, men and boys: Cambyses (1561); The Wars of Cyrus (1594); "Hester and Ahasuerus" (1594); "Nebuchadnezzar" (1596); The Tragedy of Darius (1603); and Darius, King of Persia (1688).
See Hugo van der Velden, Cambyses for Example: The Origins and Function of an Exemplum Iustitiae in Netherlaudish Art of the Fifteenth, Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, 23 SIMIOLUS: NETHERLANDS Q.
In the sixth century BC Egypt was conquered by the Persian ruler Cambyses (530-522 BC) and became part of a diverse empire that stretched from the eastern Mediterranean to the frontiers of India.