Cambyses II

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Related to Cambyses II: Darius I, Smerdis, Cambyses II of Persia
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cambyses II


Date of birth unknown; died in 522 B.C. Ancient Persian king of the Achaemenid dynasty; ruled from 530 to 522. Son of Cyrus the Great.

In 525, Cambyses conquered Egypt, defeating the Egyptian army at Pelusium, and took Pharaoh Psamtik III prisoner. After seizing the throne of Egypt, Cambyses founded what was, according to the calculation of the ancient Egyptian historian Manetho, the 27th dynasty of pharaohs. In 524 he invaded Cush but was defeated. Upon learning of the outbreak of Gaumata the Magian’s rebellion against him in 522, Cambyses left for Persia. He died en route under mysterious circumstances.


Dandamaev, M. A. Iran pri pervykh Akhemenidakh. Moscow, 1963.
Olmstead, A. T. History of the Persian Empire. Chicago, 1948.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cambyses II was his son and pursued his father's dream of regional rule.
Based on the discoveries in the archaeological layers, it seems that the serial conquerors of Palestine found the settlement's strategic location irresistible: the locals, the Egyptians, the Assyrians, and Persians under Cambyses II all seem to have used it as their administrative center and military base of operations in the 5th Century BCE, and later as well.
hey believe that the bones and artifacts belong to the lost army of the Cambyses II, which was said to have been buried by a cataclysmic sandstorm in 525 BC.
He conquered Lydia and the Chaldean Empire, and his son, Cambyses II (reigned 529-522 B.C.) conquered Egypt.
She died some sixty years later, having lived through the reigns of Amasis II, Psamtik III, Cambyses II, Darius I and perhaps even Psamtik IV.
According to some, the Sorkh Deh tomb was the resting place of Smerdis, the youngest son of Cyrus the Great (ruled 559-530 BCE) and brother of King Cambyses II (ruled 530522 BCE).