Solifugae

(redirected from Camel Spider)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Solifugae

 

(wind scorpions), an order of arthropods of the class Arachnoidea.

Wind scorpions measure 1 to 7 cm in length and are covered with long hairs. The body is divided into a céphalothorax, a thorax consisting of two segments, and an abdomen consisting of ten segments. The coloration is brown-yellow or mottled. The céphalothorax bears a pair of central simple eyes and a pair of lateral ones. There are six pairs of appendages: the first pair are clawlike chelicerae that serve as defense organs and for tearing apart prey, the second pair are pedipalps that serve a sensory function and are used to seize prey, the third pair are tactile organs, and the fourth through sixth pairs are walking legs. The sexes are separate. Wind scorpions are oviparous and develop without metamorphosis.

There are 570 species of wind scorpions, distributed in the tropics and subtropics. The USSR has approximately 70 species, found in the southern European part of the country, in Kazakhstan, and in Middle Asia. Wind scorpions live in deserts, semi-deserts, and mountains. They are nonpoisonous, primarily nocturnal animals. The diet consists of various invertebrates.

REFERENCES

Bialynitskii-Birulia, A. A. “Falangi (Solifuga).” Moscow-Leningrad, 1938. (Fauna SSSR: Paukoobraznye, vol. 1, fase. 3.)
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh,vo\. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Dogel’, V. A. Zoologiia bespozvonochnykh, 6th ed. Moscow, 1975.

A. V. IVANOV

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Solifugae, known colloquially as camel spiders, are mostly nocturnal arachnids known for their powerful two-segmented chelicerae, voracious appetites, and fast running speeds (Punzo 1998a; Beccaloni 2009).
"It was the tropical medicine lab that came up with the answer - I had a bacterial infection from the bite of a camel spider.
Giant Spiders: This camel spider from Iraq caused terror - until it was discovered that it only feeds on crickets and woodlice!
They are refusing to return until a large sandy-coloured creature, which they believe to be a camel spider which hitched a ride in the belongings of soldier Rodney, 32, is captured.
He also caught, killed and ate Saharan "delicacies" including a camel spider and a scorpion.
(An internal variation of it can be fatal if left untreated.) Another adversary is the camel spider, which can grow as big as your hand and run up to 10 miles an hour.
"However, we had to be wary of the local wildlife, particularly camel spiders. I remember a camel spider would visit me every night at about 9pm.
Tarantulas and the banana spider of South America and the giant camel spider from Iraq that can run at 15 miles an hour.
Care worker Lorraine Griffiths, 37, believes it is a camel spider, which has a nasty bite.
Solifugae.--Five fossil camel spider species are known, including a putative stem-group species from the Mississippian of Poland, a poorly-preserved example from the Coal Measures of Mazon Creek, Illinois, USA, one from the Cretaceous Crato Formation of Brazil, and two in Baltic and Dominican amber respectively; see Dunlop et al.
Much to the chagrin of the newcomers, the squad made $189 on him eating a camel spider."
'The day I got there all people were talking about was the camel spider and that ended up turning into a five minute routine.'