Camelidae


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Related to Camelidae: llama

Camelidae

[ka′mel·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of tylopod ruminants in the superfamily Cameloidea of the order Artiodactyla, including four species of camels and llamas.

Camelidae

 

a family of ruminant eventoed ungulate animals of the suborder Tylopoda. For different species the height at the withers varies from 70 to 210 cm. There are no horns. The upper lip is divided in two. The extremities are didactylous (the third and fourth digits), with cushion-like callused thick pads on the tarsus. There are no traces of the remaining digits; the metatarsal and metacarpal bones are fused with the corresponding bones of the third and fourth digits. The members of the family Camelidae are the only mammals whose red blood cells have an oval shape (as do those of birds and reptiles). There are two genera, Camelus and Lama. The guanaco, vicuña, and Bactrian camel are found in the wild. Camelidae are raised in Asia, Africa, Europe, and South America.

References in periodicals archive ?
S., 2003: Stable isotopes, hypsodonty, and the paleodiet of Hemiauchenia (Mammalia: Camelidae) a morphological specialization creating ecological generalization.- Paleobiology, 29(2): 230-242.
& VIGNAUD, P., 2003: Le plus vieux Camelidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) d'Afrique: limite Mio-Pliocene, Tchad.- Bull.
& WOOD, A.E., 1969: Deciduous premolars of some North American Tertiary Camels (Family Camelidae).- J.
A., 2003: A new species of Hemiauchenia (Camelidae, Lamini) from the Plio-Pleistocene of Florida.- 58 pags.
A., 2005: A new species of Hemiauchenia (Artiodactyla, Camelidae) from the Late Blancan of Florida.- Bull.
MONTELLANO-BALLESTEROS, M., 1989: Pliocene Camelidae of Rancho El Ocote, Central Mexico.- J.
PEREZ, E., 2013: Los mamiferos fosiles del distrito de Puente de Piedra (Xenarthra, Glyptodontidae; Artiodactyla, Camelidae, Lamini) Grecia, provincia de Alajuela, Costa Rica.- Rev.
& JARAMILLO, C., 2012: New Floridatragulines (Mammalia, Camelidae) from the Early Miocene Las Cascadas Formation, Panama.- J.
Taxonomic and biogeographical status of guanaco Lama guanicoe (Artiodactyla, Camelidae).
Molecular evolution of the family Camelidae: a mitochondrial DNA study.
Evolution and present situation of the South American Camelidae. Biol J Linn Soc.