Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of annual herbaceous plants of the family Cruciferae. There are ten species, distributed in Europe and Asia. Eight species are found in the USSR. C. sativa and C. silvestris are under cultivation. The root is shaftlike, and the stem is thin and ramose and reaches a height of 100 cm. The small, lanceolate leaves are sessile or on short petioles; they are entire or dentate. The radical leaves of C. silvestris form a rosette. Camelina is hairless or downy; a heavy pubescence characterizes C. silvestris. The inflorescence is a raceme of small, pale yellow flowers. The fruit is a pod measuring 5–10 mm long. The seeds are red-brown and become slimy when immersed in water; 1,000 seeds weigh 0.6–2 g.

The plant does not demand much warmth or moisture. The seeds contain a fatty oil (35–47 percent), which is used for industrial purposes and, less frequently, as food. Camelina is grown on small areas in the USSR and France; it was first cultivated in these regions in the late 19th century. The yield is 10–12 quintals per hectare. The best varieties in the USSR are Voronezh 349, Omsk Local, Kirghiz 1, and Trans-Volga. The first three are varieties of C. sativa, and the last is a variety of C. silvestris.


Voskresenskaia, G. S. Ryzhik. Moscow, 1952.
Minkevich, A. I., and V. E. Borkovskii. Maslichnye kul’tury. 3rd ed. Moscow, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Great Plains is the worldas largest camelina producer and supplies commercial quantities of biofuel as well as high-protein, omega 3-rich animal feed.
Camelina, which can grow in infertile soil, is conventionally used to light lamps and as a material in cosmetics.
Sustainable Oils, Inc., a U.S.-based provider of renewable, environmentally clean, and high-value camelina-based fuels sourced the camelina used in the JAL demo flight.
Some wineries have begun using camelina as a cover crop between vine rows.Hill is hopeful more growers will plant camelina if the U.S.
Calon L--n - which means "pure heart" - already produces avocado, hemp and camelina oils for cooking.
Finnish industrial group Raisio Group Plc said on Friday (22 October) that it had acquired the remaining shares of the Finnish contract farming company Camelina Ltd, of which Raisio previously owned 20%.
The study analyzed the associations of camelina oil, fatty fish, and lean fish with lipid and glucose metabolism, and low-grade inflammation.
Known in the West as false flax, wild flax, linseed dodder, German sesame and Siberian oil-seed, camelina now is attracting increased scientific interest for its oleaginous qualities, with several European and North American firms poised to produce it in greater commercial quantities for biofuel.
False flax (Camelina sativa L.) is an oil seed crop, a member of Brassicaceae family which has got popularity in biofuel production.
C3004, a Camelina plant gene, may increase activity in the C3003 plants.