Cameralism

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cameralism

 

a special program of studies of administrative and economic disciplines taught in European universities in the Middle Ages and in the universities of Russia from the 1850’s. In Germany, for example, this program included economic, geographic, and other subjects. Cameralism received its name from the cameral managements established in the Middle Ages by princes, dukes, and kings with extensive business activities. The so-called cameral disciplines were taught at special university departments and special schools (cameral schools) for the training of bureaucrats and administrators for the affairs of the high feudal lords; disciplines taught included mainly mining, forestry, and agricultural sciences. Marx characterized cameralism as “a medley of smatterings, through whose purgatory the hopeful candidate for the German bureaucracy has to pass” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Sock, 2nd ed., vol. 23, p. 13).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two related soft powers in Chafetz's toolbox may help address the threat of administrative collusion: Congress's authority to "determine the Rules of its Proceedings" and its authority to "punish its Members for disorderly Behavior, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member." (69) Using these soft tools, each chamber could establish cameral rules that prohibit members from unduly influencing federal agencies.
The presence of coronary cameral fistula is an incidental finding as it has no association with PFE in literature review.
The cameral port was placed in the 7th intercostal space across the posterior axillary line, and the two operating ports were placed respectively in the 4th intercostal space across the anterior axillary line and the 8th intercostal space across the angulus inferior scapulae line.
Kathryn reckons the Ma...venpick offers the island's best desserts and it's hard to disagree with such a vast choice which included dragon fruit tart, cream cameral and double choc mouse to name but a few.
Similarly, only a single species of Lituitina (= Palliocerida, Astrovioidea; group of externally shelled cephalopods with lamellar cameral deposits, which was previously included in Orthocerida and now is considered to be a distinct evolutionary lineage; Dzik 1984; Zhuravleva & Doguzhaeva 2002) retaining shell colouration is known (Sphooceras truncatum Barrande; Turek & Manda 2012).
Arukh, however, sought to justify the creation of a council saying there was a demand for state legislature being made bi- cameral.
The etiology of TASS is multi factorial which includes toxins from surgical equipment, Balanced Salt Solutions, debris from surgical equipment's, chemicals from enzymatic cleaners, antiseptics, talc from surgical gloves, denatured viscoelastics, use of intra cameral agents with preservatives and antibiotic ointment accessing into anterior chamber.
These were often called taxation lands (Swedish: lappskatteland), since they were listed in cameral records (Holmback, 1922; Hultblad, 1968; Skold, 1992; Korpijaakko-Labba, 1994; Marklund, 1999; Paivio, 2000; Hansen and Olsen, 2004:284; Nikolaisen Kuoljok, 2005; Lundmark, 2006; Westerdahl, 2008).
Duarte as Infante; Apostolic cameral collector for Portugal (notably collector of the funds destined for expeditions against the Hussites (Bohemia)] (Johannes, decano e segretario del Principe del Portogallo)
Five momarsa for the supply of (a) consumables, chemicals and solutions for the Maternity Hospital's Laboratories, (b) radio active materials and Gama Cameral consumables, (c) medicines (tablets) I, (d) medicines (ampoules) II, (e) medicines (tablets) II.