thought slowly gave way to the liberal preoccupation with
(1987) "The Cameralists
: A Public Choice Perspective", Public Choice, 53: 3-20.
Within this discourse, "police" served as a referent, if not a synonym, for the regulatory instruments of continental cameralist
The daughter of Heinrich von Justi, a controversial and prolific cameralist
, she was reputedly one of a handful of eighteenth-century German women to be awarded a university degree.
Further, Kaufman argues that Kant's critique of state paternalism needs to be situated in its historical context as a polemic against the Cameralist
tradition of German political economy.
These shifts reflect the influence of mercantilist and cameralist
thinking which argued that the health of populations was a key aspect to the health of the state.
writers interpreted economics as household economy in the Aristotelian sense, in which patriarchal authority defined and dominated property relations, and subordinated it to what was called Polizeiwissenschaft, i.e.
Firstly, state intervention and regulation became increasingly intrusive: Cameralist
and early Enlightenment thinking in government led to an intensification of external control; subsequent attempts to apply Physiocratic ideas motivated some rulers to try and encourage the Jews to abandon traditional trades and occupations and engage in more fundamentally useful, and Christian, occupations such as agriculture.
Government's primary role changed from managing a king's estates (the source of early cameralist
studies) to protecting rights and liberties -- especially the right of property, which is the basis for a modern free-market capitalist economy -- and to dealing with trade, international affairs, and defense.
They could not be members of the government or the Reichstag or any state or local cabinet or parliament.(31) Because the board was composed primarily of businessmen who opposed the government's interventionist policies and who rejected traditional cameralist
management methods, it became the lightning rod for the government's criticism of the railway and, along with Leverve, the driving force behind the Reichsbahn's reforms.
roots of Menger are discussed by Paul Silverman.