Cameralism

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Cameralism

 

a special program of studies of administrative and economic disciplines taught in European universities in the Middle Ages and in the universities of Russia from the 1850’s. In Germany, for example, this program included economic, geographic, and other subjects. Cameralism received its name from the cameral managements established in the Middle Ages by princes, dukes, and kings with extensive business activities. The so-called cameral disciplines were taught at special university departments and special schools (cameral schools) for the training of bureaucrats and administrators for the affairs of the high feudal lords; disciplines taught included mainly mining, forestry, and agricultural sciences. Marx characterized cameralism as “a medley of smatterings, through whose purgatory the hopeful candidate for the German bureaucracy has to pass” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Sock, 2nd ed., vol. 23, p. 13).

References in periodicals archive ?
Within this discourse, "police" served as a referent, if not a synonym, for the regulatory instruments of continental cameralist regimes.
Cameralist writers interpreted economics as household economy in the Aristotelian sense, in which patriarchal authority defined and dominated property relations, and subordinated it to what was called Polizeiwissenschaft, i.
Firstly, state intervention and regulation became increasingly intrusive: Cameralist and early Enlightenment thinking in government led to an intensification of external control; subsequent attempts to apply Physiocratic ideas motivated some rulers to try and encourage the Jews to abandon traditional trades and occupations and engage in more fundamentally useful, and Christian, occupations such as agriculture.
Government's primary role changed from managing a king's estates (the source of early cameralist studies) to protecting rights and liberties -- especially the right of property, which is the basis for a modern free-market capitalist economy -- and to dealing with trade, international affairs, and defense.
31) Because the board was composed primarily of businessmen who opposed the government's interventionist policies and who rejected traditional cameralist management methods, it became the lightning rod for the government's criticism of the railway and, along with Leverve, the driving force behind the Reichsbahn's reforms.
The cameralist roots of Menger are discussed by Paul Silverman.
I explore a different type of interaction by providing examples of historical actors who compare their respective political systems both within Europe and across Europe and Asia in my comprehensive treatment of economic reforms--in particular, the sharing of cameralist thinking in the Habsburg and Russian empires in the 18th century exemplified in the writings of J.
In contrast, the cameralist perspective viewed taxation as a secondary source of generating revenue, with user fees and charges serving as the principal revenue sources.
Such comparisons would have revealed that "enlightened nationalism" was less a uniquely Prussian phenomenon than a cameralist legacy throughout the Germanies.
16) Early Cameralist writers interpreted economics as household economy in the Aristotelian sense, in which patriarchal authority defined and dominated property relations, and subordinated it to what was called Polizeiwissenschaft, i.
Even seventeenth-century cameralist thinkers who viewed a large population as a source of cheap labor and national wealth had no ambition or even conception of managing reproduction to control the quantity and quality of children born.
But their goals were less narrowly fiscal, and they lacked the cameralist faith in the ability of the state to achieve its goals through coercive means.