Cameroons


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Related to Cameroons: French Cameroons

Cameroons,

Fr. Cameroun, Ger. Kamerun, former German colony, W Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea and extending N to Lake Chad. Germany's penetration of the area began in 1884 and by 1902 its possession was recognized. A portion of French Equatorial Africa was added in 1911 in return for the surrender of German rights in Morocco. In World War I, French and British troops occupied the Cameroons. After the war the territory ceded in 1911 was rejoined to French Equatorial Africa, and in 1919 the remainder of the Cameroons was divided into French and British zones, which became mandates under the League of Nations. In 1946 the mandates were made trust territories of the United Nations. British Cameroons consisted of two noncontiguous sections lying on the eastern border of Nigeria; the more southerly extended to the coast. French Cameroons was administered as a separate territory with the capital at Yaoundé. In 1960, French Cameroons became the Cameroon Republic; in 1961 the southern section of British Cameroons was joined to the Cameroon Republic to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon (United Republic of Cameroon after 1972), while the northern section passed to Nigeria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Historically, The Republic of Cameroon achieved its independence on January 1, 1960 and became a member of United Nations with her own territory clearly defined, sharing a recognized boundary with Southern Cameroons.
Kamerun (as it was known at the time) became a League of Nations Mandate Territory and was split into French Cameroons and British Cameroons in 1919.
Ganye, which incorporates Atiku's birthplace of Jada was the headquarters of British Cameroons, but following the plebiscite, joined Nigeria.
In 1966, taking advantage of divisions among the Anglophones, Ahidjo called for the creation of a single party in the two Cameroons, in the name of national unity.
The English-speaking regions of Cameroon have been gripped by crisis for six months.
Historically, Southern Cameroons and the Republic of Cameroon were two separate entities before reunification.
There were also heated debates on the status and functions of the Southern Cameroons Police if the Gendarmes were stationed in West Cameroon.
GENTLE kittens so far, Cameroon will need to truly become Indomitable Lions when they meet Germany in their final Group E match tomorrow if they hope to avoid a third consecutive first round exit.
O'Neil, a priest and member of the Mill Hill Missionaries, worked for fifteen years in Cameroon. He is the author of Mission to the British Cameroons (1992) and Cardinal Herbert Vaughan (1995).
Their constitutional and historical illiteracy is instantiated by their claim that PDP presidential candidate Atiku Abubakar should never have been allowed to run for president because he'is not a citizen of Nigeria by birth' since he was born in what was called British Cameroon, which later became the Sardauna Province of Northern Nigeria in 1961.
It comprised about one fifth of the total area and population of German Cameroon. Britain further divided her territory into two: British Northern Cameroons and British Southern Cameroons.