Camille Chamoun

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chamoun, Camille


Born 1900 in Deir el Qamer. Lebanese statesman and political figure.

Chamoun received a law degree in 1924. He held various government posts during the 1930’s and 1940’s, and from 1952 to 1958 he was president of Lebanon. As president, Chamoun carried out a policy of rapprochement with the imperialist powers. He was forced to resign in September 1958 as a result of a popular uprising.

In 1958, Chamoun founded the National Liberal Party, the party of the reactionary Maronite bourgeoisie, landowners, and clergy, and became its chairman. He was a leader of the reactionary forces of the right during the Lebanese civil war of 1975–76.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Licensed in 1957, late in President Camille Chamoun's term, it remains today the only center officially dedicated to gambling in the Middle East - which attracted celebrities from across the world.
12:00 pm MP Henri Helo will lay a wreath on the tomb of President Camille Chamoun in Deir el-Qamar.
Among these periods was President Camille Chamoun's term (1952-1958), when military coups, and the ensuing mass nationalisation of private businesses in neighbouring countries led to an exodus of capital and investments towards Lebanon.
1987 Lebanese former President Camille Chamoun dies of heart attack.
Lebanese President Camille Chamoun once stated in his memoirs, at the height of his country's civil war, that he did not fear Lebanon would fracture into several independent states.
War forced the building's closure, and Mounem explains that by the early 1990s, the butchers who once used it were instead slaughtering animals in the then-largely destroyed Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium on the southern edge of Beirut's city limit.
It is sufficient, for the sake of comparison, to recall how "collaboration with the West" was the slogan that dominated the toppling of Nuri Said in Iraq and Camille Chamoun in Lebanon in the late 1950s, and the animosity to King Hussein of Jordan in the 1970s, not to mention the assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981 as punishment for signing the Camp David accords.
KAFED is funding basic sections of the venture, such as Al-Sayyad roundabout, located at the eastern entrance of Beirut, where tunnels and causeways were being built, as well as Camille Chamoun Boulevard, also a key road intersection on the outskirts of the capital.
Sarkis Naoum, a political analyst with AN NAHAR, likened Berri to the late former Lebanese President Camille Chamoun, a Christian Maronite leader who was known as a shrewd and cunning politician in Lebanon.
The opening of the sixth Francophone Games at the Beirut-based Camille Chamoun Sports Stadium, which took place on Sunday evening and was televised live to more than 70 million millions worldwide, was another event helping to put Lebanon back on the international map, Charles Ayyoub, editor and publisher of the local daily AD DIYAR, said Monday.
The Struggle in the Levant focuses on Lebanon after its independence and the policy of President Camille Chamoun who tried to keep Lebanon neutral by being pro-British and pro-American, and less pro-French, to win Moslem support.
"I don't see Lebanon surviving as it is today," said Dori Chamoun, leader of the Maronite-based National Liberal party and son of a former president and longtime political figure, the late Camille Chamoun. "It is inevitable that the Christians will have a smaller share of the country.