Marie Ennemond Camille Jordan

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Jordan, Marie Ennemond Camille

 

Born Jan. 5, 1838, in Lyon; died Jan. 21, 1922, in Paris. French mathematician. Member of the Institut de France (1881) and editor of Journal de mathématiques pures et appliquées (1885–1921). Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1895).

The works of Jordan were devoted to algebra and the theory of functions as well as topology and crystallography. His name is also associated with the Jordan-Holder theorem on composition series of groups, the normal (Jordan) form of matrices, and the Jordan curve. He also introduced the concept of a function of bounded variation. Jordan wrote the first systematic course on the theory of groups and Galois’ theory (1870) and a three-volume course on analysis (1882–87).

REFERENCES

Struik, D. J. Kratkii ocherk istorii matematkiki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from German.)
Bianchi, L. “Camille Jordan” (obituary). Atti della Reale Accademia nationale del Lincei. Rendiconti. Classe di science fisiche, matematiche e naturali, Rome, 1922, vol. 31, issue 5, pp. 398–404.
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Camille Jordan, an African-American undergraduate student reiterated this same point, but from a familial perspective.