Camille Pissarro

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Pissarro, Camille

(kämē`yə pēsärō`), 1830–1903, French impressionist painter, b. St. Thomas, Virgin Islands. In Paris from 1855, he came under the influence of Corot and the Barbizon school. Later he allied himself with the impressionists, and was represented in all of the eight impressionist exhibitions (1874–1886). In 1884 he experimented with the theories of color devised by SeuratSeurat, Georges
, 1859–91, French neoimpressionist painter. He devised the pointillist technique of painting in tiny dots of pure color. His method, called divisionism, was a systematic refinement of the broken color of the impressionists.
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. Abandoning divisionism in the 1890s, he reverted to a freer, more vital interpretation of nature. It was not until then that his works began to be popular. Pissarro's warmth and generosity made him an endearing figure to many French painters. He was especially beloved as teacher and friend to Gauguin, Cézanne, and Cassatt. His son Lucien was also his pupil. Pissarro's paintings are in many leading American collections, including Le Fond de l'Hermitage (Cleveland Mus. of Art) and Bather in the Woods (Metropolitan Mus.).


See his works ed. by J. Rewald (1963); his Letters to his Son Lucien ed. by J. Rewald (1943); W. S. Meadmore, Lucien Pissarro (1963).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pissarro, Camille


Born July 10, 1831, on the island of St. Thomas, in the West Indies; died Nov. 12, 1903, in Paris. French painter, one of the founders of impressionism.

Pissarro, who studied at the Académie Suisse in Paris from 1855 to 1861, was influenced by J. Constable, C. Corot, and J. F. Millet. Painting such modest subjects as rural landscapes and scenes of suburbs and boulevards, Pissarro revealed the charm and poetry of everyday objects and unveiled the inner aesthetic and spiritual qualities of what at first glance seem to be ordinary events in nature and in the life of man (Diligence à Louvesiennes, 1870; Museum of Impressionism, Paris). With a special subtlety, the artist masterfully rendered the transparency and moistness of air and the impression of rain that has just fallen or is approaching. At the same time, Pissarro preferred a more finished and more structured composition than most impressionists. He also gave more volume and definition to his forms. These features are evident in the works Plowed Earth (1874, A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow) and Boulevard Montmartre (1897, Hermitage, Leningrad).

In the late 1880’s, Pissarro became influenced by neo-impressionism. He produced drawings, watercolors, etchings, and lithographs. Playing a leading role in the impressionist movement, Pissarro exerted a profound moral and artistic influence on his fellow impressionists and on artists of the younger generation. Politically, he was close to the left-wing movement.


Iudenich, I. V. Peizazhi Pissarro v Ermitazhe. Leningrad, 1963.
Kamil’ Pissarro: Pis’ma, kritika, vospominaniia sovremennikov. Moscow, 1974. [Translated from French. Introductory article, compilation and notes by K. G. Bogemskaia.]
Pissarro, L. R., and L. Venturi. Camille Pissarro, son art, son oeuvre, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1940.
Rewald, J. Camille Pissarro. New York, 1963.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Camille Pissaro (1830-1903) is another artist who had his roots in the Islands.
(With time their friendship grew distant, until the visits and correspondences ceased following Zola's 1886 novel L'oeuvre in which the depiction of the failed painter, Claude Lantier, may have discomfited the ever-touchy Cezanne.) At the Academie Suisse Cezanne made friends with Armand Guillaumin and Camille Pissaro, both of whom became important for his development as an artist.
plans to try to get Spain an underwater treasure in exchange for a Camille Pissaro painting, now in Spain, that the Nazis confiscated from a Jewish family.
THE EXHIBITION "Turner to Cezanne: Masterpieces from the Davies Collection, National Museum Wales" features more than 50 works--most of which never have been on view in the U.S.--including masterpieces by Paul Cezanne, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Honore Daumier, Augustus John, Edouard Manet, Jean-Francois Millet, Claude Monet, Camille Pissaro, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, J.M.W.
Claude Cassirer (Plaintiff) claims that, in 1939, an agent of the Nazi regime unlawfully seized a painting by French impressionist painter Camille Pissaro [1830-93] from his grandmother Lilly Cassirer.
The following year Monet met two important French painters, Camille Pissaro and Courbet, both of whom would make a profound impact on not only the way he applied paint, but also how he depicted the natural world.
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That change will be shown in two contrasting genres - the domestic interior and the landscape - by artists such as Vilhelm Hammershoi, Gwen John, Camille Pissaro, Sir William Orpen and Edouard Vuillard.
Camille Pissaro, a decent performer on grass, is the top tip in the Bet Direct `Red to Bet' on ITV1 Handicap on the all-weather at Southwell tomorrow.
The collection includes works by many of the most well-known artists of the 19th and 20th centuries, including Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Camille Pissaro, Pierre Bonnard, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Edouard Vuillard.