Camille Pissarro


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Pissarro, Camille

(kämē`yə pēsärō`), 1830–1903, French impressionist painter, b. St. Thomas, Virgin Islands. In Paris from 1855, he came under the influence of Corot and the Barbizon school. Later he allied himself with the impressionists, and was represented in all of the eight impressionist exhibitions (1874–1886). In 1884 he experimented with the theories of color devised by SeuratSeurat, Georges
, 1859–91, French neoimpressionist painter. He devised the pointillist technique of painting in tiny dots of pure color. His method, called divisionism, was a systematic refinement of the broken color of the impressionists.
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. Abandoning divisionism in the 1890s, he reverted to a freer, more vital interpretation of nature. It was not until then that his works began to be popular. Pissarro's warmth and generosity made him an endearing figure to many French painters. He was especially beloved as teacher and friend to Gauguin, Cézanne, and Cassatt. His son Lucien was also his pupil. Pissarro's paintings are in many leading American collections, including Le Fond de l'Hermitage (Cleveland Mus. of Art) and Bather in the Woods (Metropolitan Mus.).

Bibliography

See his works ed. by J. Rewald (1963); his Letters to his Son Lucien ed. by J. Rewald (1943); W. S. Meadmore, Lucien Pissarro (1963).

Pissarro, Camille

 

Born July 10, 1831, on the island of St. Thomas, in the West Indies; died Nov. 12, 1903, in Paris. French painter, one of the founders of impressionism.

Pissarro, who studied at the Académie Suisse in Paris from 1855 to 1861, was influenced by J. Constable, C. Corot, and J. F. Millet. Painting such modest subjects as rural landscapes and scenes of suburbs and boulevards, Pissarro revealed the charm and poetry of everyday objects and unveiled the inner aesthetic and spiritual qualities of what at first glance seem to be ordinary events in nature and in the life of man (Diligence à Louvesiennes, 1870; Museum of Impressionism, Paris). With a special subtlety, the artist masterfully rendered the transparency and moistness of air and the impression of rain that has just fallen or is approaching. At the same time, Pissarro preferred a more finished and more structured composition than most impressionists. He also gave more volume and definition to his forms. These features are evident in the works Plowed Earth (1874, A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow) and Boulevard Montmartre (1897, Hermitage, Leningrad).

In the late 1880’s, Pissarro became influenced by neo-impressionism. He produced drawings, watercolors, etchings, and lithographs. Playing a leading role in the impressionist movement, Pissarro exerted a profound moral and artistic influence on his fellow impressionists and on artists of the younger generation. Politically, he was close to the left-wing movement.

REFERENCES

Iudenich, I. V. Peizazhi Pissarro v Ermitazhe. Leningrad, 1963.
Kamil’ Pissarro: Pis’ma, kritika, vospominaniia sovremennikov. Moscow, 1974. [Translated from French. Introductory article, compilation and notes by K. G. Bogemskaia.]
Pissarro, L. R., and L. Venturi. Camille Pissarro, son art, son oeuvre, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1940.
Rewald, J. Camille Pissarro. New York, 1963.

V. A. KALMYKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
BORN ROBERT Louis Stevenson, novelist, 1850 WHOOPI Goldberg, US actress, 1955 JOAN Lestor, British MP, 1931 DIED ROBERT Stephens, UK actor, 1995, above CAMILLE Pissarro, French artist, 1903 VALERIE Hobson, UK actress, 1998
"By following Rachel for decades and observing her through the eyes of her son, Camille, who would grow into the renowned painter Camille Pissarro, Hoffman shows that things and people are rarely as simple as we might like them to be....
And that is no accident, because they also accurately describe the 19th-century artistic movement known as Impressionism, founded by Camille Pissarro, the third son Rachel Pomie bore to her second husband, Frederick.
The highlight of the museum's bicentennial programme for 2015, the Monet and the Birth of Impressionism exhibition, will also feature works by Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas, Berthe Morisot, Camille Pissarro and Alfred Sisley.
The Sandiganbayan seizure order covered the works of Pablo Picasso, Michelangelo, Paul Gauguin, Francisco de Goya, Pierre Bonnard, Bernard Buffet, Joan Miro and Camille Pissarro.
The others are a Francisco de Goya portrait of the Marquesa de Santa Cruz, Pierre Bonnard's "La Baignade Au Grand Temps", Bernard Buffet's "Vase of Red Chrysanthemums", Joan Miro's "L'Aube", and one of Camille Pissarro's "Jardin de Kew" series.
The others are a Francisco de Goya portrait of the Marquesa de Santa Cruz, Pierre Bonnard's "La Baignade Au Grand Temps", Bernard Buffet's "Vase of Red Chrysan themums", Joan Miro's "L'Aube", and one of Camille Pissarro's "Jardin de Kew" series.
Those include Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Paul Cezanne, Vincent van Gogh, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Claude Monet, artists who are near mythic figures in the cultural consciousness of Western art.
Many impressionist painters were accomplished draftsmen, most notably Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, and Paul Cezanne.
From there, Fumagalli follows the figure of the painter Camille Pissarro (a central muse in the Walcott poem) who, before being appropriated by the French as theirs, and before influencing countless pillars of Impressionism and Post- Impression --among these, Cezanne, Gauguin, Manet, Van Gogh, and Seurat --belonged to the Caribbean.
Among its residents were the poet WB Yeats and painter Camille Pissarro.