Camille Saint-Saëns

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Saint-Saëns, Camille

 

(Charles Camille Saint-Saëns). Born Oct. 9, 1835, in Paris; died Dec. 16, 1921, in Algiers; buried in Paris. French composer, pianist, conductor, music critic, and public figure. Member of the Institut de France (1881); recipient of an honorary doctorate from Cambridge University (1893); honorary member of the St. Petersburg branch of the Russian Musical Society (1909).

In 1848, Saint-Saëns entered the Paris Conservatory, where he studied with F. Benoist (organ) and F. Halévy (composition). He served as an organist in the cathedrals of Paris (1853–77) and taught piano at the Ecole Niedermeyer (1861–65), where G. Fauré and A. Messager were among his pupils. Saint-Saëns was among the organizers of the Société Nationale de Musique (1871). He gave concerts in many countries, including Russia (1875, 1887), performing as a pianist and conductor and presenting primarily his own works.

Saint-Saëns wrote many works in diverse genres. His most brilliant compositions were instrumental works, especially symphonies and virtuoso concerti. A bright lyricism and noble ardor prevail in his compositions, the most outstanding of which include the opera Samson et Dalila (1877, Weimar); the Symphony No. 3 (with organ, 1886); the symphonic poem Danse macabre (1874); the Concerto No. 3 for Violin (1880) and the Introduction et rondo capriccioso (1863) for violin and orchestra; the second, fourth, and fifth piano concerti (1868, 1875, and 1896); the Concerto No. 2 for Cello (1902); and the orchestral fantasy The Carnival of the Animals (1886). Saint-Saëns wrote many books on music, the most important of which are Harmony and Melody (1885) and Portraits and Reminiscences (1899). He edited various music publications, including the complete works of J.-P. Rameau and several operas by C. W. Gluck.

REFERENCES

Rolland, R. “K. Sen-Sans.” In his book Muzykanty nashikh dnei, Sobr. soch., vol. 16. Leningrad, 1935.
Kremlev, Iu. K. Sen-Sans. Moscow, 1970.
Harding, J. Saint-Saëns and His Circle. London[1965].
References in periodicals archive ?
A new version of Camille Saint-Saens' Carnival of the Animals -- written and illustrated by beloved cartoonist Michael Leunig, performed by the renowned Australian Chamber Orchestra led by Richard Tognetti, and read by Midnight Oil singer and ACF President Peter Garrett -- has just been released as a book and companion CD.
JONATHAN HODGE adapted it in 1972 from a theme from the third movement of Symphony No 3, Opus 78 by Charles Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921).
But somehow, even at the apex of his renown, Camille Saint-Saens remained eminently patronizable.
Camille Saint-Saens will never achieve the cult following of Mozart, Beethoven or Chopin, nor will he ever inspire frenzied partisan passions as do Wagner and Mahler.
Camille Saint-Saens', the great man himself edited only the first five volumes - exclusively the keyboard and chamber music and motets.
33 by Camille Saint-Saens, Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune by Claude Debussy and Ma mere l'Oye Suite by Maurice Ravel.
Mezzo Lauren Segal "Mon coeur s'ouvre a ta voix" Samson et Dali la Camille Saint-Saens
Camille Saint-Saens, 1835-1921: A Thematic Catalogue of His Complete Works, Volume II: The Dramatic Works.
Featuring as analytical examples, Camille Saint-Saens' Third Symphony; Cesar Franck's Sympohony in D Minor; Edouard Lalo's Symphony in G.
Romanzen fur Horn und Klavier by Camille Saint-Saens. ISMN 979-0-2018-1167-3.