Camille Chamoun

(redirected from Camille Shamoun)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chamoun, Camille


Born 1900 in Deir el Qamer. Lebanese statesman and political figure.

Chamoun received a law degree in 1924. He held various government posts during the 1930’s and 1940’s, and from 1952 to 1958 he was president of Lebanon. As president, Chamoun carried out a policy of rapprochement with the imperialist powers. He was forced to resign in September 1958 as a result of a popular uprising.

In 1958, Chamoun founded the National Liberal Party, the party of the reactionary Maronite bourgeoisie, landowners, and clergy, and became its chairman. He was a leader of the reactionary forces of the right during the Lebanese civil war of 1975–76.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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