Camillo Golgi

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Camillo Golgi: Santiago Ramon y Cajal, George Palade

Golgi, Camillo

(kämēl`lō gôl`jē), 1844–1926, Italian physician, noted as a neurologist and histologist. He shared with Ramón y Cajal the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work on the structure of the nervous system. He introduced (c.1870) a method of staining nerve tissue with silver nitrate that he used (1883) to demonstrate certain nerve cells (Golgi cells) in the central nervous system. He observed (1909) the Golgi apparatus, a part of the cytoplasm distinguishable by special staining and known as the Golgi bodies when in the form of separate particles. He recognized that the three types of malaria are caused by different protozoan organisms. Golgi taught at the Univ. of Pavia from 1875.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Golgi, Camillo


Born July 7. 1844, in Cortona; died Jan. 21, 1926, in Pavia. Italian histologist: named professor at the University of Pavia in 1875.

Golgi developed the chrome-silver method of preparing specimens of nerve tissue for the microscope (1873). which made it possible to see the silhouetted images of neurons with all of their processes, and thus to study and classify all of the neuronal forms of the cerebral cortex. This advance in turn opened the way for solution to the problem of the relationship between structure and function. In modern neurohistology a Golgi cell of type 1 is distinguished by a long axon that extends beyond the neural center in which the cell is located, and a Golgi cell of type 2 by a short axon that branches and ends in the same part of the gray matter in which the body of the cell is located. Golgi also described the special intracellular organelle now known as the Golgi apparatus. Golgi received the Nobel Prize in 1906, which he shared with Ramón y Cajal.


Sulla fina anatomia degli organi centrali dei sistema nervoso. Milan. 1885.
Untersuchungen über den feineren Bau des centralen und peripherischen Nervensystems: Text und Atlas. Jena, 1894.
Opera omnia, vols. 1–3. Milan. 1903.


“Professor Camillo Golgi.” British Medical Journal, 1926, vol. I, p. 221.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bajo este contexto, hemos observado que algunos terminos incluidos en TH aun presentan nombres propios, en los cuales son honrados investigadores en el area celular e histologica como Theodor Schwann (Schwannocytus) y Camillo Golgi (Complexux golgiensis), el primero cofundador de la Teoria Celular y el segundo ganador del premio Nobel.
In 1873, Italian physician and scientist Camillo Golgi developed a method of staining nerve tissue that made the complex networking structure of the brain visible.
The Golgi tendon organ is named after Camillo Golgi (pronounced Gol-jee), an Italian histologist who studied many types of nerve cells with early microscopes (1878) (Fig.
Aunque recibio varias distinciones, como el premio Moscu (1900) y la medalla de oro Helmholtz de la Academia de Ciencias de Berlin (1905), el momento cumbre de su carrera fue en el mes de octubre de 1906, cuando el Real Instituto Carolino de Estocolmo le otorgo, junto con su colega Camillo Golgi, el premio Nobel de Fisiologia y Medicina (1-4).