Camillus (Marcus Furius Camillus) (kəmĭl`əs), d. 365? B.C., Roman hero. He was a patrician who, the Roman historians say, was elected dictator five times (396, 390, 386, 368, 367 B.C.) and on each occasion won a signal victory. He captured Veii, saved Rome from the Gauls, defeated the Aequi and Volscians, took Praeneste (the modern Palestrina), and defeated the Gauls at Alba Longa. Modern historians do not accept in full the traditional account of Camillus' victories.