Camilo Cienfuegos


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Camilo Cienfuegos
Birthday
BirthplaceLawton, Havana, Cuba
Died
Nationality Cuba
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cienfuegos, Camilo

 

Born Feb. 6, 1932, in Havana; died Oct. 28, 1959. Cuban military and political figure and national hero.

Cienfuegos studied in a school affiliated with the Academy of Arts. Persecuted for his revolutionary activities, he emigrated to the United States in 1953 and again in 1956. In September 1956 he went to Mexico to join the forces of F. Castro Ruz. On Dec. 2, 1956, Cienfuegos and Castro landed in Cuba from the yacht Granma.

Cienfuegos demonstrated courage and talent as a strategist in combat with government troops. He received the rank of major in April 1958 and commanded partisan forces in the extensive territory between the cities of Manzanillo, Bayamo, and Victoria de las Tunas. While leading combat forces, he directed a successful revolutionary propaganda campaign among peasants. In August 1958 he was put in charge of the Antonio Maceo column and invaded the central provinces of Cuba. By December 1958, after a series of victories, his forces had gained control of the northern part of the province of Las Villas, with the administrative center at Yaguajay. After the victory of the revolution on Jan. 1,1959, Cienfuegos helped organize the revolutionary troops into the armed forces of the Republic of Cuba. Cienfuegos died in an airplane crash.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
John Thorndike's A Hundred Fires in Cuba is a ranging, unflinching story of the Cuban Revolution, focused on the "beautiful commander, the hero of Yaguajay, the wildly famous Camilo Cienfuegos."
Standing in Revolution Square in the centre of Cu ba's capital, overlooked by the famous giant murals of Revolutionary heroes Che Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos, it feels like change is in the air.
There are also ubiquitous posters from revolutionary Cuba--"Che" Guevara, Camilo Cienfuegos and Fidel Castro, the former communist leader whose November death prompted passionate obituaries worldwide.
Castro renamed the square south of it as Revolution Square, adding the sculptures of two heroes of the revolution, Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos. This square is where millions would gather to listen to Castro's speeches, and where Pope Francis celebrated Mass on a recent visit.
Along the way he soaks up the sights and sounds of Havana, retraces the footsteps of the country's national hero Che Guevara, and visits the ghost town of Camilo Cienfuegos - a relic from Cuba's colonial sugar plantation era.
Tens of thousands of people were in the square where Cubans celebrate May Day beneath massive portraits of revolutionary leaders Ernesto "Che" Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos built into the facades of state buildings.
The huge plaza is where Cubans celebrate May Day beneath massive portraits of revolutionary leaders Ernesto "Che" Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos built into the facades of state buildings.