Camp David accords

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Camp David accords,

popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C. by Israeli Prime Minister Menachem BeginBegin, Menachem
, 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree.
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 and Egyptian President Anwar al-SadatSadat, Anwar al-
, 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism.
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, with U.S. President Jimmy CarterCarter, Jimmy
(James Earl Carter, Jr.), 1924–, 39th President of the United States (1977–81), b. Plains, Ga, grad. Annapolis, 1946.

Carter served in the navy, where he worked with Admiral Hyman G. Rickover in developing the nuclear submarine program.
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 signing as a witness. Under the pact, which was denounced by other Arab states, Israel agreed to return the SinaiSinai
, triangular peninsula, c.23,000 sq mi (59,570 sq km), NE Egypt. It is c.230 mi (370 km) long and 150 mi (240 km) wide and extends north into a broad isthmus linking Africa and Asia.
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 to Egypt, a transfer that was completed in 1982. In a joint letter the two nations also agreed to negotiate Palestinian autonomy measures in the Israeli-occupied West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 and Gaza StripGaza Strip
, (2007 pop. 1,416,543) rectangular coastal area, c.140 sq mi (370 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Egypt and Israel, in what was formerly SW Palestine, now officially administered by the Palestinian Authority.
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, but virtually no progress was made on this issue until the 1990s.


See L. Wright, Thirteen Days in September (2014).

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References in periodicals archive ?
He clarified that the Israeli conspiracy for devastating the Arab Nation has started since the victory in October Liberation War when it signed Camp David Accord with Egypt and Wadi Araba agreement with Jordan in an attempt to naturalize relations with Israel at the expense of the Palestinian issue.
Americans, he pointed out, "have a special responsibility" for the Palestinians because the US had signed the 1978 Camp David accord. "As long as peace and justice are not fulfilled for the Palestinians, then the treaty remains unfulfilled", he said.
Demonstrators called for the Camp David Accord, the 1979 peace treaty with Israel, to be modified to give Egypt full control of the Sinai peninsula.
Following the attack in Rafah on Sunday that left 16 Egyptian soldiers dead, the call for reviewing the Camp David Accord has become a must.
When asked directly if that included the Camp David accord, which was signed in 1979 and ended 30 years of conflict between Israel and Egypt, Khalil said 'absolutely.'
Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian president, has not visited Israel since he came to power in 1981 after the assassination of Anwar Sadat, who had signed the Camp David accord with Menachim Begin, the then prime minister of Israel.
6, 1981, Anwar Sadat, president of Egypt and one of the architects of the 1978 Camp David accord, was slain as he watched from the presidential review stand an aerial display of his air force's warplanes.
Leffler CAIRO -- 26 March 2019: Reuters published new pictures marking the signing of the Camp David Accord, during which the entire Egyptian territory was liberated from the Israeli occupation.
The Egyptian-Israeli peace agreement, which is commonly referred to by Arab writers as the Camp David accord, after the US presidential resort where it was negotiated, needs amendments to allow Cairo to send in more troops into Sinai, believes Bilal Hassan, a Palestinian thinker living in Damascus and opposed to peace with Israel.
NNA - 14/02/2011 Syrian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Walid Moalim, said Monday that declaration of Supreme Military Council in Egypt to honor Camp David accord was a domestic Egyptian affair, insisting at the same time on Syria' s continuous refusal of said agreement.
Indeed, some of these American officials seem to interpret the Camp David Accord in the way Begin did, not Carter.
"Sacking the Israeli envoy will darken the relations between Egypt and Israel and undoubtedly will affect Camp David Accord," Sobeih told FNA on Tuesday.