Camp David accords


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Camp David accords,

popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C. by Israeli Prime Minister Menachem BeginBegin, Menachem
, 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree.
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 and Egyptian President Anwar al-SadatSadat, Anwar al-
, 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism.
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, with U.S. President Jimmy CarterCarter, Jimmy
(James Earl Carter, Jr.), 1924–, 39th President of the United States (1977–81), b. Plains, Ga, grad. Annapolis, 1946.

Carter served in the navy, where he worked with Admiral Hyman G. Rickover in developing the nuclear submarine program.
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 signing as a witness. Under the pact, which was denounced by other Arab states, Israel agreed to return the SinaiSinai
, triangular peninsula, c.23,000 sq mi (59,570 sq km), NE Egypt. It is c.230 mi (370 km) long and 150 mi (240 km) wide and extends north into a broad isthmus linking Africa and Asia.
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 to Egypt, a transfer that was completed in 1982. In a joint letter the two nations also agreed to negotiate Palestinian autonomy measures in the Israeli-occupied West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 and Gaza StripGaza Strip
, (2007 pop. 1,416,543) rectangular coastal area, c.140 sq mi (370 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Egypt and Israel, in what was formerly SW Palestine, now officially administered by the Palestinian Authority.
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, but virtually no progress was made on this issue until the 1990s.

Bibliography

See L. Wright, Thirteen Days in September (2014).

References in periodicals archive ?
After the Camp David Accords, Egypt became increasingly prominent in the Arab world but was granted a massive US military aid, alienating its traditional ally and weapon supplier, the Soviet Union.
They were captured by Israel in the 1967 Middle East war before being returned to Egypt under the 1979 Camp David Accords.
He also helped broker the Camp David accords between Israel and Egypt and worked on normalizing relations with China.
particularly since the Camp David Accords, and held a leading role in peacemaking with Israel.
It covers political matters such as the Arab-Israeli War and the Camp David Accords, the Lebanese Civil War, and the Iranian Revolution.
The change comes exactly 38 years after the Knesset adopted the Camp David Accords, the backbone of his historic 1979 peace treaty with then-Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.
The novel is set during the October 1973 war and was published in Lebanon in 1978, just before the signing of the Camp David Accords.
Before his tenure as head of the UN, he played an important role in the Camp David Accords, mediated by US President Jimmy Carter.
Even President Muhammad Mursi didn't dare to disapprove or change this fact and insisted on respecting the Camp David accords signed with Israel.
The 90-year-old Carter, who negotiated the Camp David accords that led to the historic peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, had cancer surgically removed from his liver last week.
Wright, the author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning book "The Looming Tower,'' the story of al-Qaeda's attack on the World Trade Center (which I previously recommended), has written a magnificent account of the Camp David Accords, in which President Jimmy Carter, Israeli leader Menachem Begin and Egyptian leader Anwar Sadat spent 13 days at Camp David, Maryland, negotiating a Middle East peace that earned Sadat and Begin the Nobel Peace Prize.