Campbell, Alexander

Campbell, Alexander,

1788–1866, clergyman, cofounder with his father, Thomas Campbell, 1763–1854, of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)Christian Church (Disciples of Christ),
sometimes called Campbellites, a Protestant religious body founded early in the 19th cent. in the United States. Its primary thesis is that the Bible alone should form the basis for faith and conduct, each individual interpreting the Bible
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. Of Scottish lineage, both were born in Ireland and educated at the Univ. of Glasgow. Both were Anti-Burgher Presbyterians, a division opposed to the discipline of the main church. In 1807 the father went to America, where he was welcomed among the Scotch-Irish in SW Pennsylvania. His presbytery condemned him for asking all Presbyterians to join his church members in the communion service. Although his synod upheld him, the atmosphere remained so hostile that he and his followers, popularly called Campbellites, withdrew. They formed (1809) the Christian Association of Washington, Pa., setting forth its purposes in a "Declaration and Address." That year Campbell was joined in America by his family. In c.1812, having accepted the doctrine of immersion, the Campbells joined the Baptists, but by the late 1820s differences caused trouble. Alexander Campbell, who had assumed leadership, advocated a return to scriptural simplicity in organization and doctrine; his followers became known as Reformers. He founded (1823) the Christian Baptist to promote his views and addressed audiences in the new western states. He edited (from 1830) the Millennial Harbinger, wrote The Christian System (1839), and in 1840 founded Bethany College in West Virginia and became its president. Meanwhile, the Reformers had seceded from or been forced out of many Baptist churches, and Campbell suggested that they form congregations and call themselves Disciples of Christ. Many of the "Christians," led chiefly by Barton Warren StoneStone, Barton Warren,
1772–1844, American clergyman of Kentucky. With four other ministers he withdrew from the Presbyterian Church and in 1804 began to form new churches whose members called themselves simply Christians.
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, joined congregations of the Disciples; in 1832 the two leaders agreed to unite their efforts.


See R. Richardson, Memoirs of Alexander Campbell (2 vol., 1868–70); S. M. Eames, The Philosophy of Alexander Campbell (1966); E. J. Wrather, Creative Freedom in Action (1968).

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Campbell, Alexander

(1788–1866) Protestant religious leader; born near Ballymena, Northern Ireland. He emigrated to the U.S.A. in 1809 to join his father, succeeding the elder Campbell as pastor of an independent Protestant church at Brush Run, Pa., in 1813. An exponent of a primitive Christianity based wholly on the Scriptures, he allied his church in 1832 with other disaffected sects to form the Disciples of Christ. He published a translation of the New Testament in 1826 and in 1840 founded Bethany College in West Virginia, serving as its president until his death.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
BADMINTON: Men - Martin Campbell, Alexander Dunn, Adam Hall, Kieran Merrilees, Patrick MacHugh.
Women: Kathleen Dawson, Lucy Hope, Camilla Hattersley, Abbie Houston, Beth Johnstone, Keanna MacInnes, Hannah Miley, Corrie Scott, Toni Shaw, Cassie Wild DIVING Men: James Heatly, Lucas Thomson, Women: Gemma McArthur, Grace Reid ATHLETICS Men: Chris Bennett, Mark Dry, Callum Hawkins, Guy Learmonth, Robbie Simpson, Chris O'Hare, Allan Smith, David Smith, Jake Wightman Women: Amy Carr, Zoey Clark, Eilidh Doyle, Samantha Kinghorn, Maria Lyle, Nikki Manson, Holly McArthur, Kirsten McAslan, Lynsey Sharp, Eilish McColgan, Kelsey Stewart, Steph Twell, Lennie Waite BADMINTON Men: Martin Campbell, Alexander Dunn, Adam Hall, Kieran Merrilees, Patrick MacHugh, Women: Kirsty Gilmour, Julie MacPherson, Eleanor O'Donnell.
During his nearly 30 years with Campbell, Alexander led developed and emerging markets businesses for the company, including operations in Asia Pacific, Australia, Europe and North America.
Shrewsbury: Kaitlynn Campbell, Alexander Ellwanger, Robert Guerette, Grant Przybylek, Suhas Sarma, Christopher Sparanges, Ya Xu
IRISH CUP CLIFTONVILL 3 PORTADOWN 2 Goals: Cliftonville; Platt, Adair, Bell Portadown; Campbell, Alexander
The visitors' injury crisis meant more than half of Wenger's first-choice weren't available - Thierry Henry, Ashley Cole, Sol Campbell, Alexander Hleb and Robin van Persie along with the jet-lagged Gilberto.
(44) Royal Bank of Scotland, "Inventory and Valuation of the lands, houses, slaves and livestock situated in Friendsfield, Queens Bay Division, Tobago, belonging to George Campbell, Alexander Bartlet, and Roderick Williamson," 17 April 1773, WD/495/2.
Robert Moffatt, Andrew Campbell, Alexander Mackay, Alexander Duff, John Nicol Farquhar, Alfred George Hogg and others are named in "The Scottish Missionary Diaspora".
Aberdeen provisional squad: Lewis, Logan, Taylor, Reynolds, O'Connor, Considine, Shinnie, McLean, McGinn, Rooney, Hayes, Stockley, Storey, Wright, F Ross, S Ross, Campbell, Alexander.

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