Campeche


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Campeche,

city (1990 pop. 150,518), capital of Campeche state, SE Mexico, on the Yucatán peninsula. It is fortified and surrounded by 18th-century walls. Although it remains an export center for the surrounding region, Campeche's economy is increasingly linked to the offshore oil fields in the Bay of Campeche. The city, once the site of the pre-Columbian town called Kimpech (whose remains are still observable), was founded in 1540 by the son of the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Montejo. It was sacked frequently by English buccaneers. From 1862 to 1864, French forces blockaded the city. The city has a 16th-century cathedral.

Campeche

(kämpā`chā), state (1990 pop. 535,185), 21,924 sq mi (56,798 sq km), SE Mexico, on the Gulf of Campeche. The city of Campeche is the capital. Comprising most of the western half of the YucatánYucatán
, peninsula, c.70,000 sq mi (181,300 sq km), mostly in SE Mexico, separating the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico. It comprises the states of Yucatán, Campeche, and Quintana Roo, Mexico; the country of Belize; and part of Petén, Guatemala.
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 peninsula, much of the state lies in hot, humid, and unhealthy lowlands. Rainfall in the southwestern sector is heavy. The state had extensive forests, and logwood (campeche in Spanish) has been one of the chief exports. Agriculture and stock raising are important in the more arid northeastern sector. Using Campeche as a base, the Spanish explorer Francisco de Montejo led (1531–35) expeditions against the Maya. The coast was a haunt of pirates from the 17th cent. to the 19th cent. The principal ports are Campeche and Carmen, a small town on an island at the entrance to the Laguna de Términos.

Campeche

 

a state in Mexico, on the Yucatán Peninsula. Area, 56, 100 sq km; population, 251, 600 (1970). The city of Campeche is its administrative center. The state is a plain, covered primarily by a tropical forest. Chicle, the sap of the sapodilla, is extracted here. There is apiculture and slash-and-burn agriculture. Henequén plantations are located along the coast. The henequén is processed in the city of Campeche, which is also the site of food industry.


Campeche

 

a city in Mexico, administrative center of Campeche state. Population, 70, 000 (1969). Campeche is a port on the Bay of Campeche (export of henequén and timber) and an important transport junction for the Yucatán Peninsula.Henequén fiber is processed here. There are also food and fishing industries. The city was founded in 1540.

Campeche

1. a state of SE Mexico, on the SW of the Yucatán peninsula: forestry and fishing. Capital: Campeche. Pop.: 205 000 (2005 est.). Area: 56 114 sq. km (21 666 sq. miles)
2. a port in SE Mexico, capital of Campeche state. Pop.: 195 000 (2000 est.)
3. Bay of. Also called: Gulf of Campeche. the SW part of the Gulf of Mexico.
References in periodicals archive ?
Persona que puede ser notificada en su centro de trabajo que son las oficinas que ocupa el Centro INAH Campeche ...", y en el parrafo tercero: "Adscrito al Centro INAH Campeche".
(2016) en zonas rurales del estado de Campeche y Rahaman et al.
Currently, 50 mosquito species have been recorded in Campeche State.
[Cabe aclarar que, si me refiero a la medicina tradicional yucateca, se debe a que en la epoca de la Conquista, los actuales estados de Campeche, Quintana Roo y Yucatan, Mexico, conformaban un solo territorio en el cual florecio la cultura maya, iniciandose la separacion de Campeche y Yucatan solo en 1857; por tanto, las referencias antiguas sobre medicina tradicional maya yucateca aplican para el Estado de Campeche, toda vez que es en este estado donde se realizo el presente estudio].
No se documento en Merida; en chetumal no se conoce ni en campeche. en el Diccionario del espanol de Mexico (DEM) (13) aparece con el significado 'que esta inflado o abultado' que es el que proporciona el cORDE en cuarenta y un casos.
De acuerdo con el indice de Marginacion que construye la Conapo, Campeche y Tabasco ocuparon los lugares decimo y noveno a escala nacional, por lo que en un escenario futuro, de no actuar oportunamente, el deterioro en la situacion economica de estas entidades podria colocarlas en niveles de marginacion y pobreza cercanos a Guerrero, Oaxaca y Chiapas, lo que conlleva el surgimiento de inseguridad, violencia, derechos de propiedad mal definidos, bajos niveles de inversion privada, deterioro de infraestructura, niveles altos de informalidad y mayor dependencia de la Federacion en lo que a los ramos 28 y 33 corresponde.
[fr] L'Expansion de la Culture du Soja en Campeche, le Mexi que: Problematique et Perspectives
Los Sucesos de Campeche and its war against Joaquin Mucel (1918-1919) *
First records of the long tailed-weasel (Mustela frenata) in the state of Campeche, Mexico
11 determined that the state of Campeche violated the national Constitution when it published a statute that prevented gay couples from adopting children.