Campeggio, Lorenzo

Campeggio, Lorenzo

(lōrĕnt`s kämpĕd`jō), 1472?–1539, Italian churchman and diplomat, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was well known as a jurist before turning to the service of the church (c.1510) upon the death of his wife. He was made bishop in 1512 and cardinal the following year. He was chosen as legate for the most delicate missions. In 1518 he went to England to secure the adherence of Henry VIIIHenry VIII,
1491–1547, king of England (1509–47), second son and successor of Henry VII. Early Life

In his youth he was educated in the new learning of the Renaissance and developed great skill in music and sports.
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 to an alliance against Turkey. He did not succeed, but he received (1524) the bishopric of Salisbury from Henry, which he held in absentia until 1534. In 1528, Cardinal Campeggio went again to England to act with Cardinal WolseyWolsey, Thomas
, 1473?–1530, English statesman and prelate, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. Early Career

Educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, Wolsey served for a while as master of the Magdalen College school. He was ordained a priest in 1498.
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 as judge in the divorce of Katharine of AragónKatharine of Aragón,
1485–1536, first queen consort of Henry VIII of England; daughter of Ferdinand II of Aragón and Isabella of Castile. In 1501 she was married to Arthur, eldest son of Henry VII.
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. He followed his instructions to temporize and adjourned the hearing. Cardinal Campeggio was sent to Germany in 1524 to attempt a pacification of the Lutherans, but except for a promise from Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to enforce the Edict of Worms he obtained nothing. He ardently supported the reformation of the church, especially of the papal court and of the administration of the Holy See.
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