Phlegraean Fields

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Phlegraean Fields

Phlegraean Fields (flĭgrēˈən), Ital. Campi Flegrei, fertile volcanic region, Campania, S Italy, along the Tyrrhenian Sea between Pozzuoli and Naples. It is named for ancient Phlegra, in Macedonia, where in mythology the battle between the giants and the gods took place. In Roman times, the cities of Cumae (Cuma), Baiae (Baia), and Puteoli (Pozzuoli) were fashionable watering places.

The region lies mostly along the northern side of an 8-mi-wide (13-km) volcanic caldera of the same name; most of the caldera is beneath the Gulf of Pozzuoli. The caldera was created by two large explosive eruptions, the first and more massive occurring about 36,000 years ago and the second about 15,000 years ago; both eruptions were far more destructive, with more wide-reaching effects, than those of Vesuvius to the west. A large number of eruptions subsequently occurred in three periods, with the last eruption occurring c.1650 B.C. More recent eruptions were at Solfatara (A.D. 1158) and Monte Nuovo (1538). Some of the region's many craters, cinder cones, and other volcanic features emit sulfurous vapors and mineral waters.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Phlegraean Fields

 

(Italian, Campi Flegrei), a volcanic region in Italy, northwest of Naples. The Phlegraean Fields are a hilly plain, with elevations of up to 458 m, formed as the result of the fusion of volcanic domes, craters, and ring structures. There are solfataras, mofettes, and thermal springs in the fields.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers successfully tested the new approach with data from the Campi Flegrei caldera in Italy, one of the Earth's highest-risk volcanoes, and it often looks like a lawn covered in molehills.
Researchers used the seismic noise of waves crashing against the coastline near Campi Flegrei, which last erupted 500 years ago, to map the volcano's inner structure.
Keywords: Michele Sovente, Campi Flegrei, Napoli, poesia contemporanea, ecocritica.
Campi Flegrei last erupted in 1538 and has recently (http://www.ibtimes.com/italy-supervolcano-near-mount-vesuvius-may-soon-erupt-scientists-say-2591185) shown signs of activity , including tremors and magma movement below the surface.
Just west of Naples, Italy, the ground swells and strains around the Campi Flegrei caldera, mythical home of the Roman fire god Vulcan.
(2) Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, CNR, Via Campi Flegrei 34, 80078 Pozzuoli, Italy
They include sites in Yellowstone National Park in the United States, Campi Flegrei in Italy and Santorini and its accompanying islands.
The use of IFSAR and glassical geodetic techniques for caldera unrest episodes: application to the Campi Flegrei uplift event of 2000, Journal of Vulcanology and Geothermal Research 133(1-4): 247-260.
(1) Istituto di Chimica Biomolecolare, CNR, Via Campi Flegrei 34, 80078 Pozzuoli, Naples, Italy; (2) Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel; (3) Centro de Modelacao Ecologica IMAR, FCT/UNL, Quinta da Torre, 2825-114 Monte da Caparica, Portugal; (4) Universidade Lusofona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, A.
They examined Stromboli, Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei, in Italy, and Teide, on the Spanish island of Tenerife.