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consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste



a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.


References in periodicals archive ?
The campiness of football is not necessarily inherent to the game itself though, but rather develops out of an exoteric perspective in which the hyper-masculinity of the players is always on the cusp of degenerating into effeminacy and a lack of toughness.
My Diva can be enjoyed for its simplicity, its campiness, and its forthrightness.
If you like your period cynicism and satire served up with unashamed campiness, "West Moon Street" at Lord Leebrick is your cup of tea.
It's done in a very Volkswagen way," says Jones, "with a lot of humor, a little bit of geekiness or campiness, and each one is different than the month before.
It is perhaps indicative of the cynicism of the era that this image can persist in the face of its own campiness, as Ray points out:
The campiness and elaborateness of these conceits should not be mistaken as evidence of naively held grand narratives that have yet to be challenged by modernity; in fact, they are precisely a response to a recognized incoherence and fragmentation.
Despite the campiness perhaps inevitable in a scenario that involves sexy robots, the film is at moments genuinely horrific, especially in the way it presents the protagonist's reaction to the transformation of the women around her.
The film is always one step away from campiness, except the cast play their roles with deadly seriousness.
Almost all of Vezzoli's visual and narrative touches could be construed as site specific, playing to the hilt a glamour-crazed art crowd on holiday in a former imperial city; There is decadent styling (costumes by Donatella Versace and a Roman palazzo by way of Plano, Texas); calculated campiness (savvy casting, including Helen Mirren playing Tiberia, with leashed slave boys in tow); pornographic "titillation" (golden dildos and plenty of sapphic kissing
Still, for all its wild campiness and its fractured form, Dream Analysis makes a real case for the proposition that art heals.