Canaanite Languages


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Canaanite Languages

 

the languages of the Semites who inhabited the region between the Mediterranean Sea and Mesopotamia in the third and second millennia B.C. A number of scholars believe that the Canaanite languages included Old West Canaanite, Ugaritic, and Amorite, as well as the languages derived from them, including Hebrew, Phoenician, and Moabite. With Aramaic, the Canaanite languages form the northwestern subgroup of the Semitic languages.

The Old West Canaanite (Old Canaanite) languages comprise a group of dialects of the early and middle second millennium B.C. attested in glosses in Accadian texts from Tell el-Amarna (Egypt), in Canaanite borrowings in the Egyptian language of the Hyksos period and later, and in inscriptions written in a Sinaitic-Palestinian alphabet (Sinai). Amorite is attested in proper names in Accadian texts dating from the first half of the second millennium B.C., and Moabite is attested in inscriptions from the ninth century B.C. found near the southeastern shore of the Dead Sea. The only living Canaanite language is Hebrew.

REFERENCES

Shifman, I. Sh. Finikiiskii iazyk. Moscow, 1963.
D’iakonov, I. M. Iazyki drevnei Perednei Azii. Moscow, 1967.
Bauer, T. Die Ostkanaanáer. Leipzig, 1926.
Harris, Z. S. Development of the Canaanite Dialects. New Haven, Conn., 1939.
Garbini, G. Il semítico di nord-ovest. Naples, 1960.
Bohl, F. Die Sprache der Amarnabriefe. Leipzig, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Steiner), Phoenician and the Eastern Canaanite Languages (Stanislav Segert), Classical Arabic (Wolfdietrich Fischer), Sayhadic (Epigraphic South Arabian) (Leonid E.
Furthermore, Phoenician and Moabite are Canaanite languages.
Classifying the language of the inscription as the Philistine version of whatever Canaanite language the Philistines had adopted, as does Lema ire, [3] is of no help for such an hypothesis, for no known Canaanite language retained at this period either the nominative dual form or the productive dual (defined as the ability to express any common noun as singular, dual, and plural).