Canaletto(redirected from Canal, Antonio)
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See studies by V. Moschini (tr. 1956) and W. G. Constable (1961, 2d ed. rev. 1989).
(real name Giovanni Antonio Canale). Born Oct. 18, 1697, in Venice; died there Apr. 20, 1768. Italian painter, master of the architectural landscape.
Canaletto studied under his father, the theatrical artist Bernardo Canale. Working primarily in Venice, he also worked in Rome (1719–20 and c. 1740) and London (1745–55). He was influenced by the Venetian landscape painters L. Carlevaris and M. Ricci. Canaletto painted panoramic landscapes, depicting primarily architectural landmarks of Venice and colorful episodes from urban life. He also painted views of England.
Canaletto’s works are characterized by objective precision of drawing and perfection of perspective. These elements are combined with an elegant, vibrant color scheme; airy effects; and ceremonial, pageant-like composition. Canaletto made many landscape etchings, which are distinguished by spontaneous observations and gentle chiaroscuro gradations (series Views, 1740–44). B. Bellotto, who was Canaletto’s nephew and pupil, inherited his sobriquet.
REFERENCESConstable, W. G. Canaletto, vols. 1–2. Oxford, 1962.
[Berto, G., and L. Puppi.] L’Vopera completa del Canaletto. Milan .
Links, J. G. Views in Venice by Canaletto. New York, 1971.
O. D. NIKITIUK