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(kənâr`ē), common name for a familiar cage bird of the family Ploceidae (Old World finchfinch,
common name for members of the Fringillidae, the largest family of birds (including over half the known species), found in most parts of the world except Australia.
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 family), descended from either the wild serin finch or from the very similar wild canary, Serinus canarius, of the Canary Islands, Madeira, and the Azores and introduced into Europe in the late 15th or early 16th cent. The wild birds are usually gray or green; selective breeding has produced both plain and variegated birds, mostly yellow and buff but sometimes greenish. Germany is traditionally the center for training and breeding canaries; the Harz Mt. and the St. Andreasberg canaries originated there. The birds are trained to sing by exposure to other birds of superior ability or to musical instruments. The song of roller canaries is a series of "tours," a complex set of rolling trills delivered with the bill almost closed; choppers sing with the bill open. Canaries breed rapidly in captivity and with proper care may live to 15 years or more. Canaries are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Ploceidae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Serinus canaria), a bird of the family Fringillidae of the order Passeriformes. The canary has a body length measuring 12–14 cm. The male has a yellowish green back with dark streaks and a yellow breast and throat; the female’s plumage is greenish. The bird is widely distributed on the Madeira Islands, the Azores, and the Canary Islands (hence the name). It was brought to Europe and domesticated in the 16th century; it multiplies readily in captivity. Many varieties have been bred, differing in appearance and song; for this reason the birds are popular as pets, kept in cages.

Similar to the canary is the serin (S. serinus), which is sometimes considered to be only a subspecies of canary. The serin is distributed in northwest Africa, in Asia Minor, on the Arabian Peninsula, and in Europe (except northern Europe). It lives in the USSR in the western European areas.

The canary settles in gardens and parks, nesting in trees. The female lays three to five eggs and incubates them for 13 days. The bird feeds mainly on seeds.


Lukina, E. V. Pevchie i tsvetnye kanareiki. Moscow, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An expression used in lieu of squawk in some countries. The prefixes sing and strangle are used in lieu of orders for putting the IFF (identification friend or foe) on and off, respectively.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved


a small finch, Serinus canaria, of the Canary Islands and Azores: a popular cagebird noted for its singing. Wild canaries are streaked yellow and brown, but most domestic breeds are pure yellow
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Her biggest sellers are Volkman's Avian Science Super and Lafeber's Premium Daily Diet (pellets for canaries and granules for finches).
"The canaries are now in safe hands, and being cared for by the team at our centre in Lanarkshire.
Kyle Lafferty was loaned from Norwich last season but scored once in six games and Blues will not return for the Northern Ireland striker with the Canaries looking for around PS1million.
Now with BeE-iktaE- idle until Sunday, the Canaries would increase their lead to five points by beating seventh-placed KasympaE-a on Friday and let the Eagles think about the rest.
Sgt Debbie Gallon, of West Midlands Police, said: "Both breeders had security in place but with canaries being advertised for sale online at around PS20 each, we'd advise others in the business to consider taking any extra measures they can, and would ask neighbours to be on the look-out for any suspicious activity.
Aitor Karanka's side saw plenty of the ball but failed to test Ruddy in the Norwich goal with the Canaries comfortable with their lead.
"With it being 1-1, I strongly fancy Norwich to have too much for Ipswich this weekend," said Ashton, who made almost 50 appearances for the Canaries before a big money move to West Ham.
HECANSA works with the Government of the Canary Islands and other organizations involved in the adaptation and extension of the National Professional Qualifications System to tourism industry in the Canaries.
Le responsable a rappele en outre que les Eles Canaries accueillent chaque annee 200 enfants sahraouis qui viennent passer des vacances dans cette region espagnole.
People with MCS can be thought of as canaries, after the caged birds once carried as a warning by coal miners; if poisonous gases were present, they would kill the canary before the miners, thus providing them with an early warning system.
The Canary Islands, also known as the Canaries, are a Spanish archipelago located just off the northwest coast of mainland Africa, 100 kilometres west of the border between Morocco and the Western Sahara.