Canavalia


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Related to Canavalia: jack bean, Canavalia gladiata
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Canavalia

 

a genus of perennial prostrate trailing, climbing, or, sometimes, woody plants of the family Leguminosae. The leaves are ternate. The flowers are large, up to 6 cm long; they are usually purple or violet, in racemose inflorescences. The fruit, or bean, is 6—40 mm long, hard, swordlike, with 4—15 large seeds. Approximately 50 species exist in the tropics and subtropics, mainly of America and Africa. The sword bean (Canavalia gladiata) and the jack bean (C. ensiformis) are widely cultivated as annual vegetable plants in India, Indochina, Japan, and southeastern North America. The seeds and unripe beans are edible. In the southern regions of North America, the jack bean is sometimes used as green manure. Some species are ornamentals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Figure 1--Linear regression between the copper levels in the soil, extracted by Melich-1, by HCl 0,1 mol [L.sup.-1] or by [Na.sub.2]-EDTA 0.01mol [L.sup.-1]/ ammonium acetate 1.0mol [L.sup.-1], and the average copper concentration in the aerial parts of the Canavalia ensiformis, Mucuna cinereum and M.
Heckert et al., "Anti-depressant-like effect of lectin from Canavalia brasiliensis (ConBr) administered centrally in mice," Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, vol.
It has been established that, whereas Canavalia ensiformis urease has maximum activity in buffers with near neutral pH urease from the alkaliphilic bacterium Bacillus pasteurii has maximum activity in alkaline buffers.
(= Canavalia cathartica Thouars) (2)Mucuna japira A.M.G.
Efecto de la suplementacion con semilla de Canavalia ensiformis sobre las cargas parasitarias de ovinos tropicales en crecimiento.
Lawal, "Comparative study of the functional properties of bambarra groundnut (Voandzeia subterranean), jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis) and mucuna bean (Mucuna pruriens) flours," Food Research International, vol.
Fungi decontamination and enhancement of shelf-life of edible split beams of wild legume (Canavalia miritime) by the electron beam irradiation.
In the Thai highlands, rice bean is a valuable green manure which outcompetes other legumes such as Canavalia ensiformis, Lablab purpureus and Mimosa diplotricha in their ability to improve rice yields (Chaiwong et al., 2012).