Candida

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Related to Candida krusei: Candida albicans, Candida glabrata

candidiasis

candidiasis (kănˌdĭdīˈəsĭs), infection caused by fungi of the genus Candida; also called moniliasis after a former name of the genus. The most common forms of candidiasis, caused by C. albicans, are infections of the mucous membranes of the mouth (also known as thrush) and of the vagina and often the vulva (also known as yeast infection). The fungus C. albicans is a normal inhabitant of the mouth and vagina, and its growth is usually kept in check by certain bacteria that also live in these areas. When the balance of these organisms is disturbed by antibiotic treatment, by hormonal imbalances, or by a weakening of the body's resistance to disease (as occurs in AIDS), the fungus can begin to proliferate. Candidiasis of the penis (usually traceable to a female with the infection) is called balanitis. Candidal infections are most often treated topically with antifungal drugs such as clotrimazole, nystatin and miconazole, but oral or intravenous antifungal drugs are prescribed when the infection does not respond to topical treatments.

Invasive candidiasis, a more serious infection, occurs most commonly when Candida fungi invade the bloodstream. Hospital and nursing home patients, such as those with a central venous catheter, in an intensive care unit, with weakened immune system, or taking broad-spectrum antibiotics, are most likely to develop invasive candidiasis. Antifungal medications may be prescribed prophylactically to patients who are likely to develop invasive candidiasis. An invasive infection is typically treated by an echinocandin administered intravenously.

C. auris, another species that causes invasive candidiasis, typically infects the bloodstream, wounds, or the ear, and especially affects individuals with weakened immune systems. First identified in Japan in 2009, it is of concern because most forms of the fungus are drug resistant and some are multidrug resistant; additionally, infection can be difficult to identify from its primary symptoms of fever, aches, and fatigue. It has caused outbreaks in health-care facilities, where it can be difficult to eradicate.

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Candida

[′kan·də·də]
(mycology)
A genus of yeastlike, pathogenic imperfect fungi that produce very small mycelia.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Candida

ever faithful to husband. [Br. Lit.: Candida]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Microorganisms used: Candida albicans MYA 2876, Candida albicans ATCC 90028, Candida parapsilosis ATCC 22019 e Candida krusei ATCC 6258.
Control strains were as follows: Candida albicans ATCC 90028, Candida tropicalis ATCC 750, Candida parapsilosis ATCC 22019, Candida glabrata ATCC 64677, Issatchenkia orientalis (Candida krusei) ATCC 6258, Candida lusitaniae ATCC 34449, Candida guilliermondii ATCC 6260, Candida dubliniensis GM0314.
Menendez et al., "Rapid development of Candida krusei echinocandin resistance during caspofungin therapy," Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol.
Antimicrobial method: The microorganisms and yeast used for the antimicrobial method were Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923), Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25992), Klebsiella pneumoniae (ATCC 23357), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853), Candida albicans (DCCB 385) and Candida krusei (ATCC 6258).
The predominant species was Candida albicans (561) followed by Candida tropicaiis (38), Candida dubiiniensis (26) and Candida krusei (13) (Fig.
These Candida species; Candida tropicalis, Candida parapsilosis, Candida glabrata, and Candida krusei are of increasing significance as they tend to be more resistant to antifungal agents (2-4).
Cryptococcus spp., Pichia spp., Trichosporon cutaneum, Candida krusei, C.
Vaginitis due to Candida krusei: epidemiology, clinical aspects, and therapy.
And Candida glabrata and Candida krusei are both resistant to fluconazole (Diflucan) treatment.