Candida

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Related to Candida tropicalis: Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Candida glabrata

candidiasis

candidiasis (kănˌdĭdīˈəsĭs), infection caused by fungi of the genus Candida; also called moniliasis after a former name of the genus. The most common forms of candidiasis, caused by C. albicans, are infections of the mucous membranes of the mouth (also known as thrush) and of the vagina and often the vulva (also known as yeast infection). The fungus C. albicans is a normal inhabitant of the mouth and vagina, and its growth is usually kept in check by certain bacteria that also live in these areas. When the balance of these organisms is disturbed by antibiotic treatment, by hormonal imbalances, or by a weakening of the body's resistance to disease (as occurs in AIDS), the fungus can begin to proliferate. Candidiasis of the penis (usually traceable to a female with the infection) is called balanitis. Candidal infections are most often treated topically with antifungal drugs such as clotrimazole, nystatin and miconazole, but oral or intravenous antifungal drugs are prescribed when the infection does not respond to topical treatments.

Invasive candidiasis, a more serious infection, occurs most commonly when Candida fungi invade the bloodstream. Hospital and nursing home patients, such as those with a central venous catheter, in an intensive care unit, with weakened immune system, or taking broad-spectrum antibiotics, are most likely to develop invasive candidiasis. Antifungal medications may be prescribed prophylactically to patients who are likely to develop invasive candidiasis. An invasive infection is typically treated by an echinocandin administered intravenously.

C. auris, another species that causes invasive candidiasis, typically infects the bloodstream, wounds, or the ear, and especially affects individuals with weakened immune systems. First identified in Japan in 2009, it is of concern because most forms of the fungus are drug resistant and some are multidrug resistant; additionally, infection can be difficult to identify from its primary symptoms of fever, aches, and fatigue. It has caused outbreaks in health-care facilities, where it can be difficult to eradicate.

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Candida

[′kan·də·də]
(mycology)
A genus of yeastlike, pathogenic imperfect fungi that produce very small mycelia.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Candida

ever faithful to husband. [Br. Lit.: Candida]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Control strains were as follows: Candida albicans ATCC 90028, Candida tropicalis ATCC 750, Candida parapsilosis ATCC 22019, Candida glabrata ATCC 64677, Issatchenkia orientalis (Candida krusei) ATCC 6258, Candida lusitaniae ATCC 34449, Candida guilliermondii ATCC 6260, Candida dubliniensis GM0314.
Numbers of Candida fungi in samples collected from hand and phone surfaces Number of fungal N % [bar.x] Me s [c.sub.25] colonies on the surface of the hand Candida albicans 146 83.4% 5.9 3 6.6 2 Candida glabrata 156 89.1% 13.0 8.5 15.7 3 Candida krusei 122 69.7% 12.4 5 19.5 2 Candida tropicalis 9 5.1% 5.2 4 4.6 2 Candida species 1 0.6% 4.0 4 0 4 on the surface of the phone Candida albicans 114 65.1% 3.3 2 3.8 1 Candida glabrata 131 74.9% 8.5 5 8.3 2 Candida krusei 95 54.3% 6.3 3 8.0 2 Candida tropicalis 11 6.3% 1.5 1 1.2 1 Number of fungal [c.sub.75] min.
After amplification, species was identified on 2% agarose gel along with 1kb DNA ladder (Generular), amplicons of size 510 base-pair (bp) were identified as Candida krusei, 520 bp as Candida parapsilosis, 524 bp as Candida tropicalis, 535 bp as Candida albicans and 871 bp as Candida glabrata Gender-wise distribution of Candida species was observed according to which more females 144(65.8%) than males 75(34.2%) were infected.
Candida tropicalis is one of the most frequently fungi isolated from the GIT of marine and fresh water fish.
Antifungal activities of 10-(H)-acridin-9-one carbohydrazides 7-27 were determined against seven fungal species Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillium spp, Rhizopus spp, Candida albicans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida tropicalis and compared with standard drugs ketacanazole.
Zone of inhibition (cm) S.no Pathogens Silver nanoparticle (AgNPs) 20 [micro]L 40 [mciro]L 60 [mciro]L 1 Candida glabrata 0.1 0.5 0.6 2 Candida albicans - 0.5 0.9 3 Candida tropicalis - 0.4 0.4 S.no Pathogens 80 [micro]L 1 Candida glabrata 0.9 2 Candida albicans 1 3 Candida tropicalis 0.9 Table 1: Inhibition zone.
The microorganisms Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) and Candida tropicalis (ATCC 750) were tested.
Background: Candida tropicalis is increasingly becoming among the most commonly isolated pathogens causing fungal infections with an important biofilm-forming capacity.
Blood cultures were positive for Candida tropicalis. We should be alert to treat patients with acute arterial occlusion of the extremities and to investigate the underlying possible fatal etiology.