This study was performed to evaluate potential associations between self-reported Candida vulvovaginitis and various nutritional constituents of the adult diet as assessed by a comprehensive dietary interview.
To increase the likelihood that the diagnosis was accurate and remembered correctly, only those patients with a history of Candida vulvovaginitis in the 5 years preceding tbe interview were classified as cases.
Table 3 indicates the associations between the other dietary constituents studied and the history of Candida vulvovaginitis, again using the two classification categories.
Because fiber in the diet may be associated with decreased absorption of iron and zinc, the potential associations between iron and zinc with the history of Candida vulvovaginitis were stratified by fiber intake (crude and neutral detergent); no association was found.
Multiple logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association of kilocalories and neutral detergent fiber with a history of Candida vulvovaginitis in the past 5 years, controlling for potential confounders (including carbohydrates, age, body mass index, smoking status, use of oral contraceptives for more than 6 months, age at first intercourse, and number of lifetime sex partners).