Cândido Portinari

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Portinari, Cândido


Born Dec. 29, 1903, in Brodósqui, São Paulo; died Feb. 7, 1962, in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian painter and graphic artist.

Portinari, the son of an Italian farmhand, attended the National School of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro from 1918 to 1928. He spent the following two years in Europe, where he came under the influence of expressionism, surrealism, and the work of Picasso. Beginning in the mid-1930’s, Portinari devoted himself to the realistic portrayal of the life of the common people— Indians, Negroes, farmhands, and the inhabitants of favelas (slums). He often endowed his figures with a lofty and heroic character. His works are marked by powerful generalized forms, soft chiaroscuro, and precise line. Portinari produced easel paintings (Coffee, 1935; Portrait of R. Rolland, 1936), cycles of paintings (Refugees, 1945), murals (at the Ministry of Education in Rio de Janeiro, 1936–45; at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., 1941; at a college in the city of Cataguases, 1948— 49), large panels (War and Peace, 1955, United Nations, New York), and numerous prints.

Portinari was a university professor in Rio de Janeiro from 1936 to 1939. He was awarded national prizes and the International Peace Prize (1950).


Luraghi, E. Disegni di Portinari. Turin, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
O artigo "O tragico sofrimento dos retirantes do sertao nordestino brasileiro nas obras de Candido Portinari" de Norberto Stori & Romero Maranhao (Sao Paulo, Brasil) voltam a estudar a obra de Portinari (1903-1962) que inventa um expressionismo social, que depois configurara um neo-realismo que influenciara de modo duradouro outros artistas.
Em "A questao racial nas obras de Candido Portinari" os autores Norberto Stori & Romero Maranhao (Sao Paulo, Brasil) estabelecem uma abordagem diferente a obra de Candido Portinari (1903-1962), detendo-se sobre a questao racial.
Candido Portinari, one of Brazil's most significant artists, was bom on the Fazenda Santa Rosa coffee plantation in Brodowski in upstate Sao Paulo in 1903, the second of 12 children from Italian immigrants from the Veneto region of Italy.
Other artists also set personal records, including Brazilian Candido Portinari, whose "Navio negreiro" sold for $1.14 million and Argentine Emilio Pettoruti s "Concierto" selling for $800,000.
Percorrendo as telas de Almeida Junior (1850-1899), Lasar Segall (1891-1957), Anita Malfatti (1896-1964), Tarsila do Amaral (1857-1973), Di Cavalcanti (1897-1976), Ismael Nery (1900-1934), Candido Portinari (1903-1962), Milton Dacosta (1915-1988) Barroco vai conduzindo o leitor a uma outra forma de entender a arte pictorica.
The Ministry not only heralded Brazil's espousal of modernism: this realisation of Le Corbusier's sketch design brought together an extraordinarily talented team that included Niemeyer, Lucio Costa (subsequently planner for Brasilia), modernist pioneer Affonso Reidy, painter Candido Portinari (responsible for the blue azulejo walls), sculptor Jacques Lipchitz, and a young Burle Marx.
One recent example was the pilfering of US$56 million worth of paintings by Picasso and Brazilian artist Candido Portinari from Sao Paulo's art museum.