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(mechanical engineering)
A special short-range, antipersonnel projectile designed to be fired from rifled guns.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Russian, kartech’; from Polish kartecza, from Italian cartoccio, literally “bundle” or “cartridge”), a type of artillery shell used by the artillery to strike at enemy personnel at close distance. (The Russian word kartech ’ also refers to large buckshot, 5 mm or more in diameter.)

In the 14th through 16th centuries canisters had different sizes and shapes and consisted of pieces of stone or iron, which were loaded into the bore above an explosive charge and fastened with a plug. Later, canisters were placed in a bag to protect the bore. In the 17th through 19th centuries canisters were shells with spherical cast-iron or lead bullets placed in a metal container or cardboard packing. Canister bullets were lethal at a distance of up to 300 m and spread up to 50 m along the front. In the early 19th century canisters gradually lost their value after the invention of shrapnel; they are no longer used in modern artillery.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'I spoke to a specialist regarding the case, who said there had been no instances of such canisters exploding before and they were not considered dangerous.
Those who love to camp in their self-made hideouts also can't expect to stay safe when a canister is thrown in their hiding places.
"We regularly conduct operations against those who continually sell refilled butane canisters. If we caught the selling one, we immediately give them a warning," she said.
"The (evaluation) criteria included inspection records prior to loading, actual heat load of each canister, and seismic analysis with an assumed unidentified abnormality," the statement read.
"Canisters, like dinnerware, make more of a style statement in the home.
"We didn't think of calling the gardai or anything like that and we just left the canister back down on the beach and continued on with our day.
Low volume infectious fluid management is easily accomplished by replacing conventional disposable suction canisters with Zimmer Biomet's reusable suction canisters.
For example: while packet feed equipment typically costs less than canister feed machinery, canister feeders typically run at higher operating speeds, so fewer may be required.
A 9-ounce canister has a suggested retail price of $2.49.
A ledger exists in which the names of the dead are linked to the numbers stamped on each canister; privacy laws forbid the disclosure of patient identities.
In an area with no confirmed chemical attacks but a CK threat in a climate that's cold and humid or warm and moderately humid, change the canister annually.