Canopus

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Canopus

(kənō`pəs), ancient city of N Egypt, 12 mi (19 km) E of Alexandria. Canopus, the pilot of MenelausMenelaus
, in Greek mythology, king of Sparta, son of Atreus. He was the husband of Helen, father of Hermione, and younger brother of Agamemnon. When Paris, prince of Troy, abducted Helen, Menelaus asked the other Greek kings to join him in an expedition against Troy, beginning
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' ship, was said to have died there. In Hellenistic times Canopus was known as a pleasure city for the rich. Vases capped with the figure of a human head, called Canopic vases, were used to hold the viscera of embalmed bodies. The Decree of Canopus, issued there in 238 B.C. and found at Tanis, has been of value in studying the ancient Egyptian language. The eastern portion of the city was submerged and not rediscovered (along with Thonis-Heracleion) until 2000. The modern village of Abu QirAbu Qir
or Abukir
, village, N Egypt, on a promontory in the Nile River delta. Admiral Horatio Nelson's victory over the French fleet off Abu Qir on Aug. 1–2, 1798 (sometimes called the battle of the Nile), restored British prestige in the Mediterranean region
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 is near the ancient ruins.

Canopus,

in astronomy, 2d brightest star in the sky, located in the constellation Carina, which is part of the ancient constellation Argo Navis; Bayer designation α Carinae; 1992 position R.A. 6h23.8m, Dec. −52°41'. It has an apparent magnitudemagnitude,
in astronomy, measure of the brightness of a star or other celestial object. The stars cataloged by Ptolemy (2d cent. A.D.), all visible with the unaided eye, were ranked on a brightness scale such that the brightest stars were of 1st magnitude and the dimmest stars
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 of −0.72, second only to Sirius among the bright stars. Canopus is a yellowish-white giant star of spectral classspectral class,
in astronomy, a classification of the stars by their spectrum and luminosity. In 1885, E. C. Pickering began the first extensive attempt to classify the stars spectroscopically.
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 F0 I-II. Its distance is about 100 light-years. It is probably named after the ancient Egyptian city of Canopus.

Canopus

(kă-noh -pŭs) (α Car) A conspicuous and luminous white giant that is the brightest star in the constellation Carina and the third-brightest star in the sky after the Sun and Sirius. mv : –0.72; Mv : –2.5; spectral type: A9 II; distance: 23 pc.

Canopus

[kə′nō·pəs]
(astronomy)
A star that is 180 light-years from the sun; spectral classification F0Ia. Also known as α Carinae.

Canopus

a port in ancient Egypt east of Alexandria where granite monuments have been found inscribed with the name of Rameses II and written in languages similar to those of the Rosetta stone
References in periodicals archive ?
Outdoors in California, Kiebert's China Rocks, their pierced, twisted and tormented columns share an agony with her canopic Urns in Maryland.
Eight Spanish coal miners are staging a protest underground as part of nationwide strike action by unions opposed to cuts in government subsidies to the sector (AP Photo/Juan Manuel Serrano) USA A canopic coffinette is displayed during a preview of a King Tut exhibit at Seattle Center.
My students begin to discover containing structures everywhere, even the canopic jars for the organs.
The organs were then placed in vessels called canopic jars.
We made death masks, Egyptian scrolls and canopic jars, decorated with hieroglyphics.
Objects included staves, headrests, stone vessels, canopic jars, and wooden models, which "were masterworks of Egyptian art," writes Doxey, curator of Ancient Egyptian, Nubian, and Near Eastern Art.
But the first brand-new Alexandria (that is, after the Alexandroupolis in northern Greece, which he renamed rather than founded in 340 BC) was established not in Europe, nor in Asia, but in Africa, in the Nile delta, at that vast river's Canopic outlet into the Mediterranean.
There will also be pots, statues and jewellery on display, as well as a mummified hawk and canopic jars where the Egyptians put internal organs once they had removed them from a dead person during the mummification process.
The mysterious hieroglyphs on the canopic jar in the Discovery Gallery are actually fake.
Portraits and jewelry of the rich, mummies of dogs, canopic jars that held major body organs and coffins of the famous are among the more than 100 objects revealing the civilization's obsession with death.
Ancient Egyptians discard the brain when mummifying corpses; the brain--or so they believe in 2500 BC--is unimportant by comparison with those organs preserved in their canopic jars.
I use plastic cups to represent the canopic jars, baby powder to represent the natron salt, and my black graduation gown is worn by the head priest.