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Canopus, city, ancient Egypt
Canopus (kənōˈpəs), ancient city of N Egypt, 12 mi (19 km) E of Alexandria. Canopus, the pilot of Menelaus' ship, was said to have died there. In Hellenistic times Canopus was known as a pleasure city for the rich. Vases capped with the figure of a human head, called Canopic vases, were used to hold the viscera of embalmed bodies. The Decree of Canopus, issued there in 238 B.C. and found at Tanis, has been of value in studying the ancient Egyptian language. The eastern portion of the city was submerged and not rediscovered (along with Thonis-Heracleion) until 2000. The modern village of Abu Qir is near the ancient ruins.
Canopus, in astronomy
Canopus, in astronomy, 2d brightest star in the sky, located in the constellation Carina, which is part of the ancient constellation Argo Navis; Bayer designation α Carinae; 1992 position R.A. 6h23.8m, Dec. −52°41′. It has an apparent magnitude of −0.72, second only to Sirius among the bright stars. Canopus is a yellowish-white giant star of spectral class F0 I-II. Its distance is about 100 light-years. It is probably named after the ancient Egyptian city of Canopus.
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Canopus(kă-noh -pŭs) (α Car) A conspicuous and luminous white giant that is the brightest star in the constellation Carina and the third-brightest star in the sky after the Sun and Sirius. mv : –0.72; Mv : –2.5; spectral type: A9 II; distance: 23 pc.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006
A star that is 180 light-years from the sun; spectral classification F0Ia. Also known as α Carinae.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
a port in ancient Egypt east of Alexandria where granite monuments have been found inscribed with the name of Rameses II and written in languages similar to those of the Rosetta stone
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005