Canossa


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Canossa

(känôs`sä), village, in Emilia-Romagna, N central Italy, in the Apennines. There are ruins of the 10th-century castle of the powerful feudal family that took its name from the place. In the 10th and 11th cent. they ruled over much of Tuscany and Emilia. MatildaMatilda,
1046–1115, countess of Tuscany, called the Great Countess; supporter of Pope Gregory VII in the papal conflict with the Holy Roman emperors. Ruling over Tuscany and parts of Emilia-Romagna and Umbria, she controlled the most powerful feudal state in central Italy.
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, countess of Tuscany, was the last of the family. In Jan., 1077, the castle was the scene of penance done by Emperor Henry IVHenry IV,
1050–1106, Holy Roman emperor (1084–1105) and German king (1056–1105), son and successor of Henry III. He was the central figure in the opening stages of the long struggle between the Holy Roman Empire and the papacy.
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 to obtain from Pope Gregory VII the withdrawal of the excommunication against him. The pope was Matilda's guest at the castle, and Henry is said to have stood three days barefoot in the snow before being admitted to the pope's presence. Henry was absolved, but the peace between him and the pope was short-lived. The political implications of this episode inspired Bismarck to coin the phrase "to go to Canossa" (i.e., to submit to the demands of the Roman Catholic Church) in the Kulturkampf.

Canossa

 

a castle in northern Italy, 18 km from the city of Reggio nell’Emilia. The castle was the scene of a famous incident that occurred during the investiture struggle: the meeting in January 1077 between Pope Gregory VII (a guest of Countess Matilda of Tuscany, the owner of the castle) and Henry IV, the excommunicated and deposed German emperor. According to some chronicles, Henry IV, dressed as a penitent sinner, stood for three days at the walls of the castle awaiting reception by the pope. The expression “to go to Canossa” came to mean a humiliating capitulation (although the “going” to Canossa of HenryIV was actually only a political maneuver).

Canossa

site of Henry IV’s submission to Pope Gregory VII (1077). [Eur. Hist.: Grun, 140]
References in periodicals archive ?
Although she 'would have sanctified' herself, she 'would not have been able to prevent sin or work for salvation of souls,' according to 'Saint Magdalene of Canossa: A Woman with a Big Heart' at www.canossaphil.org.
Additionally, the very famous proskinesis scene during the encounter at Canossa illustrated by Speranza on the frontal side of the sarcophagus reinforces the idea on Matilda's role in supporting papal preeminence.
Infatti se nel primo libro (1.17) Canossa afferma che la principale professione del cortigiano e quella delle armi, in modo da legittimare lo status di cortigiano attraverso il recupero del codice cortese-cavalleresco che comporta onore e lode, la sua figura va man mano assimilandosi a quella den'intellettuale (Villa, Moderni e Antichi 59), in una disputa, destinata a rimanere irrisolta, tra armi e lettere, i due poli di un mito umanistico incarnato anche dalla figura di Federico da Montefeltro.
Embora o posicionamento das sementes a grandes profundidades tenha implicacao direta na emergencia de muitas especies daninhas, outro fator tambem deve ser considerado para que essa emergencia nao ocorra, ou seja, a presenca de residuos vegetais sobre o solo pode impedir que o processo germinativo das sementes ocorra e consequentemente, a emergencia de plantulas (Canossa et al., 2007).
He has since had two medical procedures - a colonoscopy and gastroscopy - in the private Canossa Hospital on The Peak in Hong Kong.
Alternatively, rooms at the Matilde di Canossa Resort in Reggio Emilia start from around PS85pn B&B, and rooms at the Residenza Torre San Martino, Rivalta, are from around PS114pn B&B.
Think the snows at Canossa or the struggle between Henry 11 and Thomas Becket.
Respondeu entao Ioan Cristoforo (ao Conde Lodovico da Canossa):--Creio verdadeiramente que falais contra aquilo que tendes no coracao, e tudo isso fazeis em favor do vosso Rafael, e talvez vos pareca tambem que a excelencia que reconheceis na pintura dele e tao superior, que a escultura marmorea nao e capaz de atingir esse grau [...].--Nao falo em prol de Rafael (respondeu o Conde); nem deveis me reputar tao ignorante que nao conheca a excelencia de Michelangelo, a vossa e de outros nos trabalhos de marmore, mas falo da arte e nao dos artifices (CASTIGLIONE 1997, p.
(2.) The meetings between Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII in Canossa in 1077 and between King Henry VIII of England and King Francis I of France near Calais in 1520 can be considered as exceptions.
Walter Fleischmann-Bisten, "Warum nicht auch mal nach Canossa? Konfessionskundliche Beobachtungen und okumenische Aufgaben," pp.
A sampling: speech and writing in the Gospels of Matilda of Canossa, the manipulation of devotional technologies, the miracles of the crib at Greccio, reflections on a poor sinner's cross in Heilbronn (1514), Eleanor of Castile and the New Jerusalem , and church treasures and political claims in the Mark Brandenburg.