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Cantabria(käntä`brēä), autonomous community and coextensive prov., (2011 pop. 592,542), 2,057 sq mi (5,328 sq km), N Spain, on Santander Bay and the Bay of Biscay. It is bordered by Asturias (W), Castile and Lén (S), and the Basque Provinces (E).The capital is SantanderSantander,
city (1990 pop. 194,221), capital of the autonomous region and coextensive prov. of Cantabria, N Spain, on Santander Bay and the Bay of Biscay. It is a seaport, fishing center, and popular resort. On the Magdalena Peninsula is a former royal summer palace.
..... Click the link for more information. . Cantabria rises from the coast and foothills to the Cantabrian MountainsCantabrian Mountains
, N Spain, extending c.300 mi (480 km) along the Bay of Biscay from the Pyrenees to Cape Finisterre. Torre de Cerredo (8,687 ft/2,648 m) in the Picos de Europa group in the central section is the highest peak.
..... Click the link for more information. , with the highest peaks in the Picos de Europa section. It is drained by short, swift rivers, including the Miera, Besaya, and the Deva, forming deep, green valleys. The Ebro River rises in the south near Reinosa. The population is concentrated toward the coast, which has several good harbors, including Santander, Santoña, Castro Urdiales, and Laredo. Santander and Reinosa are the commercial centers. The mountainous interior has extensive forests and excellent pastures, where there is farming, cattle raising, and dairying. Lead, zinc, pyrites, and iron are mined, and there are limestone and rock-salt quarries. Chemicals, leather, textiles, and perfume are manufactured. Along the coast the chief occupations are fishing, fish processing, and boat building. The site of some of the oldest surviving Paleolithic art in Europe, Cantabria was later inhabited by Iberians and Celts, and after the fall of the Roman Empire was ruled by the Visigoths. It remained free of Moorish rule, becoming part of the kingdom of Asturias and later of Castile.