Vaud

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Vaud

(vō), Ger. Waadt, canton (1993 pop. 593,000), 1,239 sq mi (3,209 sq km), W Switzerland. LausanneLausanne
, city (1990 pop. 117,600), capital of Vaud canton, W Switzerland, on the Lake of Geneva. An important rail junction and lake port (see Ouchy), it is the trade and commercial center of a rich agricultural region.
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 is the capital. Bordering on France in the west, it lies roughly between the Lake of Geneva, the Lake of Neuchâtel, the Jura Mts., and the Bernese Alps. Cereals, tobacco, and other crops are grown and livestock is raised. Wine is produced in the large, fertile region at the center of the canton, near Lake Geneva. There are watchmaking towns in the west; other towns are known for their chocolate, metal products, and cigars. Montreux and Vevey are among its numerous resorts; tourism is Vaud's largest industry. The population is French-speaking and mainly Protestant. Originally occupied by Celts, the region was conquered by the Romans in 58 B.C. Under Roman rule many towns achieved great prosperity, particularly Avenches. Vaud passed (6th cent.) to the Franks and was under the rule of Transjurane BurgundyBurgundy
, Fr. Bourgogne , historic region, E France. The name once applied to a large area embracing several kingdoms, a free county (see Franche-Comté), and a duchy.
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 from 888 to 1032. It subsequently was subjected partly to the prince-bishops of Lausanne and partly to the counts of Savoy. In 1536 it was conquered by Bern and forced to accept the Reformation. In 1798, having revolted under the leadership of Frédéric César de La Harpe against its Bernese rulers, it became the canton of Leman in the Helvetic RepublicHelvetic Republic
, 1798–1803, Swiss state established under French auspices. In Sept., 1797, several exiled Swiss leaders in France (notably Frédéric César de La Harpe) formally urged the French Revolutionary government (the Directory) to help in
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. In 1803 it joined the Swiss Confederation under its present name.

Vaud

a canton of SW Switzerland: mountainous in the southeast; chief Swiss producer of wine. Capital: Lausanne. Pop.: 632 000 (2002 est.). Area: 3209 sq. km (1240 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In the canton of Vaud, the institutionalization of the drug addiction therapy created a monopoly controlled by a single residential institution, the Levant.
The long-term rating includes a two-notch uplift for implicit support from its main shareholder, the Swiss Canton of Vaud, whose majority in the bank is guaranteed by a recent law and which has previously aided the bank when it suffered financial strains.
The case started when the Department of Economy, Housing and Tourism, together with the Administrative Court of the Canton of Vaud classified this instrument as betting, prohibited by the Federal Law on Commercial Betting and Lotteries.
Nissan International SA, a Swiss affiliated company of Japan-based Nissan Motor Company Limited (NASDAQ: NSANY) (TYO: 7201), has opened its new European headquarters in Rolle in the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland.
Schumacher, Prost, Fernando Alonso, Jacques Villeneuve and David Coulthard as well as world rally champion Sebastien Loeb live in the canton of Vaud.
The new facility was inaugurated by Peter Brabeck-Letmathe, Nestle's Chairman and CEO, and Jean-Claude Mermoud, Economic Affairs Minister of the Swiss Canton of Vaud, together with Marc Caira, Head of Nestle Professional, and Claude Recordon, Mayor of Orbe.
Dr Rene Chiolero, head of intensive care at the University Hospital of the Canton of Vaud, in Lausanne, Switzerland, said: "It will only be used in exceptional cases.
Ustinov, who died last Sunday aged 82, was buried at a private service in the picturesque village of Bursins in the French-speaking canton of Vaud, where he had lived since 1970.
It is supported by an association with some 250 members and the Reformed Evangelical Church of the Canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
The canton of Vaud rejects by referendum the privatisation of a stake of its cantonal bank, which would have reduced the public stake to 33 per cent.
Wikifamilies' Swiss office is located in the Canton of Vaud close to EPFL, which is rated by the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities as the number one technology University in continental Europe, thus providing Wikifamilies with outstanding recruitment opportunities.