Canyon de Chelly National Monument


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Canyon de Chelly National Monument

Canyon de Chelly National Monument (də shāˈ) [De Chelly, Sp. corruption of Navajo Tsegi = rock canyon], 83,840 acres (33,955 hectares), NE Ariz.; est. 1931. The area contains the ruins of several hundred prehistoric Native American villages, most of them built A.D. 350–1300. The spectacular cliff dwellings include Mummy Cave, with a three-story tower house. Artifacts have been found, and there are numerous pictographs in rock shelters and on cliff faces. The earliest people living in the region were the Basket Makers, predecessors of the Pueblo. The Navajo came to the canyon c.1700, and it became their chief stronghold. In 1805 a Spanish expedition fought the Navajo in a rock shelter (dubbed Massacre Cave) in Canyon del Muerto (site of a prehistoric burial ground). In 1864 a U.S. cavalry force under Kit Carson engaged the Navajo in Canyon de Chelly. See National Parks and Monuments, table.
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Canyon de Chelly National Monument

Address:PO Box 588
Chinle, AZ 86503

Phone:928-674-5500
Fax:928-674-5507
Web: www.nps.gov/cach/
Size: 83,840 acres.
Established: Authorized on February 14, 1931.
Location:In northeastern Arizona. Visitor center is 3 miles from Route 191 in Chinle.
Facilities:Lodge, campground, picnic area, groceries, restaurant/snacks, visitor center, museum/exhibit, horse rental, jeep tours.
Activities:Camping, hiking, horseback riding, auto touring, interpretive programs, guided tours.
Special Features:At the base of sheer red cliffs and in canyon wall caves are ruins of Indian villages built between AD 350 and 1300. Modern Navajo Indians live and farm here. Park offers a 34-mile (round trip) North Rim Drive, with views of some of the most beautiful Navajo cliff dwellings in the area, and a 37-mile (round trip) South Rim Drive, with panoramic views of the canyons, the Defiance Plateau, and the Chuska Mountains.

See other parks in Arizona.
Parks Directory of the United States, 5th Edition. © 2007 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fresh patches of snow dotted the overlook as we stood gazing out on Spider Rock, an 800-foot sandstone spire that rises from the floor of Canyon de Chelly National Monument. Other than our voices, the only sound was that of the wind gusting through the junipers.
SITES: Canyon de Chelly National Monument. Canyon de Chelly (pronounced de-shay) rivals any spot in the Southwest for sheer beauty.
Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Box 588, Chinle 86503; 674-5436.
Answer: Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Arizona
In NPS units such as Sitka National Historical Park, Glacier National Park in Montana, and Canyon de Chelly National Monument in Arizona, visitors have a chance to learn directly from native populations.