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(käp-äēsyăN`), city (1995 est. pop. 100,600), N Haiti, on the Atlantic Ocean. Haiti's second largest city, it is a seaport, commercial center, and tourist attraction. Agriculture dominates the regional economy, with sisal, sugar, coffee, cacao, bananas, and pineapples as the major commercial crops. Founded by the French in 1670, the city was the capital of colonial Haiti for a century. In 1791, Cap-Haïtien was captured by Toussaint Louverture, leader of a slave rebellion. From 1811 to 1820 it served as capital of the kingdom of Henri Christophe, whose Sans Souci Palace and famous citadel, Laferrière, still stand. Despite earthquakes (notably in 1842), bombings, and civil strife, Cap-Haïtien retains some picturesque colonial charm. It is also known as Le Cap.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and port in the north of Haiti. Population, 37, 000 (1967).

Cap-Haïtien is the commercial center of an agricultural re-gion. Coffee, sugar, and fruit are exported.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a port in N Haiti: capital during the French colonial period. Pop.: 134 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
On coastal areas both near the capital of Port-au-Prince and in other cities like Cap-Haitien, on Haiti's northern tip, trash is strewn on the streets and on canals, sometimes building up so thickly that causeways of refuse are used to cross over a waterway.
Initial reports led the veterinarian to believe that the person who died was the same woman who sought care at the Cap-Haitien hospital.
He also appears on Haitian television and radio commercials as the face of Alliance Ecole Informatique, the largest private business and technical college in Haiti, with campuses in Port-au-Prince, Delmas, Petion-Ville, Clercine, Champs-de-Mars, Carrefour, Jeremie, Cap-Haitien, Cayes, Gonaives and Saint Marc.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- An international airport in Haiti's second largest city of Cap-Haitien will be named after Venezuela's late president Hugo Chavez, Latin American media said.
The international airport in Cap-Haitien in the north is scheduled to open next year, and work is under way at the Cayes airport in the south, according to Raymond A.
The Caracol Industrial Park, about 24 km from the major northern city of Cap-Haitien, is a joint project of the Haitian and US governments, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and Sae-A Trading Co.
$60m to Haiti - $57m in funding to expand Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haitien airports; and $3m in donation for garbage trucks.
Even in Cap-Haitien, where Pierre's mother and sister live, political violence is common, he said.
Protests have also broken out in Les Cayes, Cap-Haitien and other cities.
Only 20 people were waiting when a central voting station opened in Cap-Haitien, a slow start in a largely rural country where people tend to be early risers.
A demonstrator was shot dead by a UN peacekeeper in Quartier Morin, near Haiti's secondlargest city of Cap-Haitien. Haiti Senate President Kelly Bastien said a second demonstrator was shot and killed in Cap-Haitien itself.