Cape Breton Island


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Cape Breton Island,

island (1991 pop. 161,686), 3,970 sq mi (10,282 sq km), forming the northeastern part of N.S., Canada, and separated from the mainland by the narrow Gut, or Strait, of Canso. The easternmost point is called Cape Breton. The center of the island is occupied by the Bras d'Or salt lakes. Gently sloping in the south, the island rises to rugged hills in the wilder northern part. The inhabitants are mainly of Scottish Highlander descent. There are many summer resorts on the lakes and fishing villages on the coast. In the northeast are steelworks, once fueled by the extensive Sydney coal fields, which were worked from the 1720s to 2001.

The Cabot Trail, a scenic road through Cape Breton Highlands National Park, commemorates the discovery of Cape Breton Island in 1497 by John CabotCabot, John,
fl. 1461–98, English explorer, probably b. Genoa, Italy. He became a citizen of Venice in 1476 and engaged in the Eastern trade of that city. This experience, it is assumed, was the stimulus of his later explorations.
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. The island was a French possession from 1632 to 1763. After the Peace of Utrecht (1713) many Acadians migrated there from mainland Nova Scotia, which was ceded to the English. They renamed the island Île Royale and established the fortress at LouisburgLouisburg
, town (1991 pop. 1,261), E Cape Breton Island, N.S., Canada. The town, an ice-free port, is near the site of the great fortress of Louisbourg, built (1720–40) by France as its Gibraltar in America.
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. With the final cession of Canada to the British (1763), Cape Breton was attached to Nova Scotia. It was made a separate colony in 1784, with SydneySydney,
city (1991 pop. 26,063), Cape Breton Island, N.S., Canada, on the northeast coast at the head of the South Arm of Sydney Harbour. It is the port and the commercial, trade, and industrial center in a former coal-mining area.
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 as its capital, but was rejoined to Nova Scotia in 1820.

Bibliography

See history by R. J. Morgan (2 vol., 2008–9).

Cape Breton Island

an island off SE Canada, in NE Nova Scotia, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Canso: its easternmost point is Cape Breton. Pop.: 120 098 (1991). Area: 10 280 sq. km (3970 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
This work was done in the early days of geochronological work in Cape Breton Island, and the authors were much influenced by an Rb-Sr isochron using a range of rock types which indicated an age of about 446 Ma.
Hornsby, "Staple trades, subsistence agriculture, and nineteenth-century Cape Breton Island," Annals of the Association of American Geographers 79, 3 (1989): 411-434, and Stephen J.
As part of the Chair, the institution developed a Centre for Cape Breton Studies to encourage and support research about Cape Breton Island. This Centre houses a state-of-the-art Digitization Lab and a Music Performance Analysis facility.
Clair, the new Storyteller-inResidence participated in a workshop on the "storytelling tradition" at the Celtic Colours International Festival, the largest event on Cape Breton Island, an event that takes in most of the island's communities.
Fifteen-year-old Andrea Baxter is thrilled when she is offered a summer job on Cape Breton Island. Although her mother worries that Andrea is too young to move so far away, Andrea welcomes the chance to strike out on her own.
Historians of early Canada will be amused that the book inadvertently resurrects a defunct local controversy by situating John Cabot's 1497 landing on Cape Breton Island rather than Newfoundland.
Across the Bay of Fundy is Nova Scotia, a province filled with idyllic fishing villages, whose Cape Breton Island is known for its natural beauty and captivating historical and cultural roots.
Peter's, on Nova Scotia's Cape Breton Island, biologists were recently surprised to find the world's largest population of boreal felt lichen.
Lawrence, on Cape Breton Island and in Nova Scotia, confirmed the need to coordinate efforts, in no small measure because they knew the French were preparing military responses of their own, throughout the theatre, for the spring of 1629.
MUSCAT: With spinnakers flying and some competitive close- quarter racing, the transatlantic chase began as the Clipper fleet set sail from Sydney, Cape Breton Island, Canada, in Race 12 of the Clipper 09-10 Round the World Yacht Race.
Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, had a summer place at Baddeck, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, and had founded the Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) in 1907 at nearby Halifax.
The Cabot Trail, on Cape Breton Island, is one of the world's most scenic drives.

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