Cape Colony

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Cape Colony:

see Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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Cape Colony


(Dutch Kaapkolonie, from Kaap de Goede Hoop), a Dutch and later an English possession in Southern Africa.

Cape Colony was founded in 1652 on the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch East India Company. In 1795 it was seized by Great Britain; from 1803 to 1806 it again came under the control of the Dutch, but in 1806 it was again captured by Great Britain. The Cape Colony territory continued to expand at the expense of the Africans’ lands (Bushmen, Hottentots, and Bantu). By 1894, after a number of aggressive wars waged by Boer and English colonizers (Kaffrarian wars), the Cape Colony’s eastern border had reached the Umtamvuna River. In 1895 the southern part of Bechuanaland, annexed in 1884—85, was included in the colony. Cape Colony was made a part of the Union of South Africa after the creation of the latter in 1910 (Republic of South Africa after 1961).


Walker, E. A. A History of Southern Africa, 3rd ed. London, 1959.

Cape Colony

the name from 1652 until 1910 of the former Cape Province of South Africa
References in periodicals archive ?
With these words in mind one may question whether the pre-nineteenth century Cape colony was quite as open or non-racial as Ross believes.
Nel, "For the public benefit: livestock statistics and expertise in the late nineteenth-century Cape colony 1850-1900" in Dubow Science and Society, 100-115.
My point is that the conventional war against the Boer commandos was accompanied by an unconventional war against rebels and potential rebels in Cape Colony, against newly conquered peoples in the Boer republics and in Rhodesia, and on behalf of nervous civil administrations and beleaguered loyalists in districts where rebels held the upper hand.
Dedering usefully places his Namaqualand study in the broader context of Khoekhoe uses of mission Christianity across southern Africa; the Nama-speaking Khoekhoe of Namaqualand were aware, for example, of the economically more successful Griqua further to the east beyond the Orange River, who used missionaries to ally with the Cape Colony and tried to engage in what Robert Ross has memorably termed "Christian subimperialism" among the Tswana.
Because the population of Dutch extraction in Cape Colony was nominally British the columns could not adopt the tactics of devastation and deportation employed in the republics, and the Boers were able to gain supplies, fresh mounts and intelligence from the sympathisers among their Afrikaner kin.
Slavery had long been a part of the social and economic development of the Cape Colony, and it is therefore not surprising that colonists held racist views.
May 28, 1881, Paarl, Cape Colony [now in South Africa]--d.
Alongside three-time winner Aegean Prince, Hannon added a trio of three-year-olds to his list of possibles, including recent Kempton all-weather winner Cape Colony.
Among the times and places discussed are the Roman world, ancient Sri Lanka, 18th-century Brazil, the Cape Colony 1652-1856, and Jamaica 1790-1890.
The Boers had besieged the British territories towns of Cape Colony and Natal and among the forces sent to relieve the garrisons were two battalions of the Northumberland Fusiliers.
Patricia van der Spuy's richly textured study of an 1820s case in the Cape Colony, South Africa is one fine example.
She proved a treasure and carried me gallantly through nine months of tough campaigning, and down to De Aar in Cape Colony where she took the fatal blue-tongue fever.