Cape Colony


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Cape Colony:

see Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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Cape Colony

 

(Dutch Kaapkolonie, from Kaap de Goede Hoop), a Dutch and later an English possession in Southern Africa.

Cape Colony was founded in 1652 on the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch East India Company. In 1795 it was seized by Great Britain; from 1803 to 1806 it again came under the control of the Dutch, but in 1806 it was again captured by Great Britain. The Cape Colony territory continued to expand at the expense of the Africans’ lands (Bushmen, Hottentots, and Bantu). By 1894, after a number of aggressive wars waged by Boer and English colonizers (Kaffrarian wars), the Cape Colony’s eastern border had reached the Umtamvuna River. In 1895 the southern part of Bechuanaland, annexed in 1884—85, was included in the colony. Cape Colony was made a part of the Union of South Africa after the creation of the latter in 1910 (Republic of South Africa after 1961).

REFERENCE

Walker, E. A. A History of Southern Africa, 3rd ed. London, 1959.

Cape Colony

the name from 1652 until 1910 of the former Cape Province of South Africa
References in periodicals archive ?
In December 1838 Boer Voortrekkers, or emigrants from the Cape Colony, had defeated the Zulu King Dingane at Ncome or Blood River, and established the Republic of Natalia, with Pietermaritzburg as its capital.
As one of the foremost historians of the pre-industrial Cape Colony Ross has directed much of his work towards asserting the significance and influence of the pre-1870s period of Cape history for South African history in general.
Wallace, Farming Industries of the Cape Colony (London, 1896) for aarbosje; Cape of Good Hope, Report of the Geological and Irrigation Surveyor, 1892 [G28-93], 12-13 for graafwater and C.
100 Years Ago The Midland Mounted Rifles, operating in the Cradock district of Cape Colony, suffered serious casualties at Waterkloof, on Thursday last, having eight men killed, two mortally wounded, four wounded and 67 taken prisoners.
But when Charles Cox wrote home that `I saw the first shot fired yesterday', he was writing from another theatre of war, the Colesberg district of Cape Colony, and he was referring not to a battle against the Boers but to an encounter with a handful of British subjects that took place a day before Belmont, an encounter that was more an act of policing than soldiering.
Moreover, in South Africa there was a multiplicity of interests to be considered in the prosecution of the war: both Cape Colony and Natal were self-governing colonies within the Empire; Milner was not merely High Commissioner for South Africa but he was also Governor of the Cape; Joe Chamberlain was Britain's Colonial Secretary, but Lord Salisbury was Prime Minister, and Brodrick succeeded Lord Landsdowne as Secretary of State for War in 1900.
Most importantly, locals tried to use Christianity (and missionaries) to gain power for themselves and to broker trade relations with the Cape Colony. Missionary records are therefore important not only for what they incidentally reveal but because, argues Dedering, the politics of Christianity were a key variable in the early nineteenth-century history of the region -- not least because of missionaries' access to the colonial arms trade.
Thus, while Maynard Swanson can trace at a local level the relationship between social segregation and the detailed health regulations of the Cape Colony, for the same period (the first decade of this century) Martin Legassick can discuss on a much `grander' scale the impact of British imperialism and capitalism.
WHEN was Alfred Milner appointed governor of the Cape Colony?
Beginning with his arrival in Cape Town and a description of the history of colonial South Africa, the volume goes on to describe his travels in Western Province and Natal, along the way discussing the education of aboriginal South Africans and the general condition of the Cape Colony and its economy.
The state-led opening of an underground water frontier in the arid (Karoo) interior of the Cape Colony in the two decades after 1890 brought this issue into sharp focus.
When, about December 1900, the commandos were sent into Cape Colony to draw off British forces from the beleaguered republics, foment rebellion and seek recruits from among the Cape Dutch, the British columns sought the highly mobile enemy, and the tracks of their movements resemble naval manoeuvres across the sea of grass which is the veldt.