Cape Province


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Cape Province

Cape Province, former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West. The former capital and largest city was Cape Town (now the capital of Western Cape). Other cities in the former province included Kimberley (now in Northern Cape) and East London, Port Elizabeth, and Uitenhage (all now in Eastern Cape).

History

Although the Cape of Good Hope was first circumnavigated in 1488 by Bartolomeu Dias and later (1497) by Vasco da Gama, the first European settlement of the region was only in 1652, when Jan van Riebeeck founded a resupply station for the Dutch East India Company on Table Bay; the station subsequently became Cape Town. At the time of Van Riebeeck's landing, Cape Province was inhabited by San (Bushmen) and Khoikhoi (Hottentots) in the southern and central areas, and by Bantu speakers on the northern and eastern fringes (see Bantu languages). The Dutch East India Company brought Dutch settlers to Cape Town, who farmed and raised livestock and were called Boers [Du.,=farmers]. In 1689, French Huguenots began to arrive; they developed the wine industry. The company ruled the Cape until 1795, except for a brief period (1781–84) of French occupation. In 1779 the first of numerous frontier wars (continuing until 1877) between Europeans and the Xhosa (a Bantu-speaking people) erupted. These Xhosa Wars were mainly over land and cattle.

During the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars (1792–1815), Britain occupied the Cape from 1795 to 1803, when the Dutch regained control; Holland formally ceded it to Great Britain in 1806. The British named the territory Cape of Good Hope Colony and encouraged immigration from England. The new British settlers soon conflicted with the Boers over anglicization of the courts, control of farm- and pastureland, and slaveholding. Beginning in 1835 many Boers left Cape Colony (see Trek, Great), seeking more land and escape from British rule. The Boers founded a temporary republic in Natal (see KwaZulu-Natal) and longer-lasting republics in the Transvaal and Orange Free State (see Free State).

In 1850, Cape Colony had about 140,000 residents of European descent. In 1853 the colony was allowed to elect a legislature to advise the governor, and in 1872 it received internal self-government. In 1867 diamonds were discovered in the Kimberley region, which in 1880 was annexed by the Cape. The British and the remaining Boers generally cooperated until the 1890s, when the British, and especially Cecil Rhodes (then prime minister of Cape Colony), sought to unite the Transvaal and the Orange Free State with the Cape and Natal. In 1895–96, L. S. Jameson staged an unsuccessful raid from Cape Colony into the Transvaal, which greatly increased tension between Britons and Boers. The South African War (1899–1902) followed soon thereafter. In 1910 the Cape Colony joined with Natal, the Transvaal, and the Orange Free State to become a founding province of the Union (now Republic) of South Africa.

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Cape Province

a former province of S South Africa; replaced in 1994 by the new provinces of Northern Cape, Western Cape, Eastern Cape and part of North-West. Capital: Cape Town
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
ITC has already worked in Eastern Cape province in a successful collaboration with the Ikhala cosmetics company to create new jobs through exports, using aloe ferox plants native to the region.
AT least 12 horses are reported to have died of African Horse Sickness in South Africa's Western Cape province in the past week.
Makhenkesi Stofile, premier of South Africa's Eastern Cape Province, said the boycott would not influence athletes, who he said are generally ''self-centered'' and ''conservative.'' Stofile is in Australia to attend the World Indigenous Pathways Conference, aimed at raising global awareness for indigenous causes.
The subsidiary includes a tire factory and an engineered rubber products factory in Uitenhage, Eastern Cape Province; a chain of 195 retail stores; and the nation's largest retreading operation with 41 plants.
On a recent trip to South Africa, I learned how gardeners there - especially those in Western Cape Province, which has a Mediterranean climate similar to that of California - use their horticultural treasures.
Every selection was accompanied by glasses of excellent South African red wine grown in the Cape Province. The cheese and biscuits, fine cognac and ginger pudding served for dessert put a cap on the day.
Among the companies who signed up for Umbrella |94 were Jazzart Dance Theatre; the Southern Women and Motion in Progress collectives from Cape Town; Napac Dance Company from Durban, Natal; First Physical Theatre Company from Grahamstown, Eastern Cape Province; the Bop Dance Company from the "homeland" of Bophuthatswana; Johannesburg's Moving into Dance Company; and Pretoria's prestigious Technikon Dance Department and the experimental TOM (Theatre of Mind) company.
As the sub-title indicates, it is a regional study of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, what the nineteenth century called the Eastern Frontier, centered on Port Elizabeth.
//Kharas Regional Council's Chief Regional Officer (CRO), Beatus Kasete said the economic stream under the twinning agreement between the KRC and the Northern Cape Province needs more work bring forth fruits to the people on the ground.
MELTHAM golfer Jamie Bower put himself firmly in the hunt for the Cape Province Open in South Africa.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Striking farm workers in South Africa's Western Cape province clashed with police after blocking roads in several areas as part of a protest for higher wages.
South African Western Cape Province Premier, Helen Zille, will be in the country next week on a two-day working visit, the South African High Commission in Windhoek has announced.