Cape Region

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cape Region


a floral region in extreme southwestern Africa, mainly in the coastal area. Width, approximately 100 km. In terms of physical geographical conditions and the general nature of the vegetation, the Cape Region differs sharply from adjacent territories. The Cape Region is similar to the Mediterranean region in its moderate temperatures, wet winters (700 mm a year, with a winter maximum of 70 percent), and comparatively hot summers. Therefore, the vegetation of these two regions is also similar: thickets of sclerophyllous evergreen shrubs and undersized trees resembling maquis. More than 6, 000 species of higher plants grow in the Cape Region, of which more than half are endemic (from the families Amaryllidaceae, Iridaceae, Proteaceae, Bruniaceae, Grubbiaceae, and Penaeaceae). Most typical of the Cape Region are the families Compositae, Ericaceae, Leguminosae, Iridaceae, and Proteaceae. The flora in this area has genetic ties with tropical Africa (via the flora in the Karroo and Namib regions, which is intermediate in composition); the Mediterranean area; and a number of southern hemisphere regions, particularly the Australian region. This indicates the probability of ancient land links between these areas. Many cultivated plants of European and other origins are grown in the Cape Region. The indigenous flora of the region is the richest source of ornamental plants, many of which have become well known in Soviet floriculture (for example, the amaryllis and Kaffir lily).


Il’inskii, A. P. Rastitel’nost’ zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Vul’f, E. V. Istoricheskaia geografiia rastenii: Istoriia flor zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1944.
Alekhin, V. V., L. V. Kudriashov, and V. S. Govorukhin. Geografiia rastenii s osnovami botaniki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Hutchinson, J. A Botanist in Southern Africa. London, 1946.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
While South African wines are starting to get the global recognition they deserve, it is still a little known fact to most travelers that the winelands in the cape region in South Africa are a culinary walhalla.
The native populations of South Africa's Western Cape region, the Bushmen and the Khoisan, have been infusing rooibos leaves and stems for many centuries for the benefits of the shrub's wide-ranging healing properties.
The companies in CSG distribute, sell and supply poultry and other value-added poultry products on a wholesale basis to retailers and walk-in customers in the Eastern Cape region. CSG has a fleet of 25 delivery vehicles and an employee complement of 110 employees.
A GAME reserve in the Eastern Cape region of South Africa and metal-bashing in the Black Country have combined to create a healthy income for Constantine Folkes.
The area in question is known as the Cape region, which includes the provinces of the Western Cape, the Northern Cape, and parts of the Eastern Cape.
For months, South Africa's Cape region has been struggling with extreme drought and water shortages.
The results prove that the distribution of wave trajectory propagation in the cape region produces maximum wave heights whereas the bay area indicates the minimum wave height.
The endemic Cape Region Whiptail, Aspidoscelis tigris maximus occurs throughout the arid tropical region of the Cape Region of Baja California Sur.
Gillian Warren-Brown is a writer based in South Africa's Eastern Cape region.
Background and Aims: Intensive fieldwork along the shore of the East Cape Region in the Baja California Peninsula by the authors has resulted in the discovery and publication of some new species for the Mexican flora in recent years.
[1] to six affected children from the Western Cape region of South Africa (SA) diagnosed in the past 18 months.